https://ejournal.unib.ac.id/agrisep/issue/feed Jurnal AGRISEP: Kajian Masalah Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis 2024-03-21T03:17:18+00:00 Ridha Rizki Novanda, SE, M.Si rrizkin@unib.ac.id Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Jurnal AGRISEP: Kajian Masalah Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis</strong> is a scientific communication media which is issued by Department Socio-EconomicOf Agriculture, Faculty of Agriculture, Bengkulu University in collaborations with <a title="AAI" href="http://www.aai.web.id/?page_id=35&amp;lang=id">Associations Agribisnis Indonesia (AAI)</a>. It's the contribution to the development of social science and agricultural economy in agribusiness field which is divided into English which contains research results, literature review, field cases or concepts in the socio-economic field of agriculture. <strong>Jurnal AGRISEP: Kajian Masalah Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis</strong> p-ISSN <a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?cetakdaftar&amp;1494005177&amp;1&amp;&amp;">1412 - 8837 (Printed)</a> and e-ISSN <a href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1494005177">2579-9959 (online)</a> in a year published twice (March and September). It fits well for researchers and academics who are inheriting the results of research, scientific thought, and other original scientific ideas. It publishes research papers, technical papers, conceptual papers, and case study reports. The article translated is the original author's work with broad topics covering agricultural economics, agribusiness management, rural sociology, agrarian studies, regional development, politics and agricultural policy, natural resource and environmental management, and agricultural/rural counselling and communication.</p> <p>Based on the decision of the Director General of Research and Development Strengthening, Ministry of Education of the Republic of Indonesia<br />Number: 72/E/KPT/2024<br />Agrisep's journal has been accredited by SINTA rank 2</p> <p>The process of the manuscript could be monitored through OJS. Authors, readers, editorial board, editors, and peer review could obtain the real-time status of the manuscript. A hard copy of the journal could be purchased by the system. Several other changes are informed in <a title="Journal History" href="https://ejournal.unib.ac.id/index.php/agrisep/about/history">Journal History</a>.</p> https://ejournal.unib.ac.id/agrisep/article/view/30054 DO AGRICULTURAL REFORMS INCREASING THE PROSPERITY OF INDONESIAN FARMERS? 2023-12-20T01:47:46+00:00 Priyagus priyagus@feb.unmul.ac.id Saida Zainurossalamia ZA saida.zainurossalamia.za@feb.unmul.ac.id Nurfiza Widayanti nurfizawidayati@feb.unmul.ac.id Dio Caisar Darma diocaisardarma@feb.unmul.ac.id <p>Since several decades, agricultural movements have been supporting the majority of villages in Indonesia. Agricultural reform is a new program organized by the government that started in 2019. In this context, the objectivity of the paper is to examine causality between technology adoption (TA), capital subsidies (CS), educational skills (ES), and health and scholarships (H&amp;S) on farmers' prosperity (FP). Using a time–series regression simulation, the investigation is focused on agricultural reform in the era of President Jokowi, to be precise in the 2<sup>nd</sup> period (2019–2023). In Indonesia, there are simultaneous parallel effects of technology adoption, capital subsidies, educational skills, and health and scholarships on the farmers' prosperity. When testing partially, the result is that technology adoption as well as health and scholarships have a positive effect on the farmers' prosperity. Yet, capital subsidies and educational skills actually have a negative effect on the farmers' prosperity. Explicitly, the consistency of agricultural reform is expected to be accessible to all farmers.</p> 2024-03-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Priyagus, Saida Zainurossalamia ZA, Nurfiza Widayanti, Dio Caisar Darma https://ejournal.unib.ac.id/agrisep/article/view/30385 STRATEGY DESIGN FOR GRIYA COKELAT NGLANGGERAN DEVELOPMENT: APPLICATION OF SWOT AND QSPM METHODS 2024-01-24T07:23:32+00:00 Restu Siwi Muharromah rest010@brin.go.id Teguh Kismantoroadji kismantoroadji@gmail.com <p><em>The purpose of the study is to (1) examine the strategies that currently applied to Griya Cokelat Nglanggeran (2) to design the strategic decisions that can be applied for the development of Griya Cokelat Nglanggeran. This research is a quantitative research with the method of implementation by using descriptive research, taking saturated sampling (census sampling) involving all 13 available respondents. Techniques of collecting data used are interviews, observation, documentation and literature study. Data analysis techniques will be tested with IFE (Internal Factor Evaluation) matrix and EFE (External Factor Evaluation) matrix, IE (Internal-External) matrix, SWOT (Strength, Weakness, Opportunity, Threat) matrix and QSPM (Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix) to decide the best strategic that can be applied. Based on the data in the processed matrix, the study draws key conclusions that (1) it highlights that the current strategies in Griya Cokelat Nglanggeran, particularly in production and marketing are limited. (2) The strategy applied based on the calculation on the SWOT matrix is the WO (Weakness-Opportunity) Strategy and the right strategy decision to be applied based on the QSPM matrix is a market development strategy based on the QSPM matrix analysis results. Overall, these findings provide valuable insights for the enhancement of Griya Cokelat Nglanggeran's business strategies.</em></p> 2024-03-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Restu Siwi Muharromah, Teguh Kismantoroadji https://ejournal.unib.ac.id/agrisep/article/view/29327 EXPLORING INFORMATION MEDIA PREFERENCES AMONG GOAT AND SHEEP FARMERS : A CASE STUDY IN DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA PROVINCE 2024-01-05T06:50:39+00:00 Annisa' Qurrotun A'yun annisa.q.a@ugm.ac.id Budi Guntoro budiguntoro@ugm.ac.id Endang Sulastri endangs@ugm.ac.id Noor Asrianto noorasrinto@polije.ac.id <p><em>Goats and sheep are small ruminants with positive growth values in Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta Province (DIY). Goats and sheep development in DIY is necessary since these two livestock might be profitable to farmers. Information media have a significant role in disseminating knowledge and innovation to farmers quickly and effectively. However, information access fulfillment for the farmers is the weakness of livestock development. The aims of this research are to analyze farmers’ information media preferences and the factors influencing them. The information media in this study are dummy, namely person media with code zero (0) and ICT media with code one (1). The data was collected through a survey method that involved face-to-face structured questionnaire interviews to goat and sheep farmers in DIY who have at least one year of experience raising goat and or sheep. Farmers in DIY used personal media as their primary information source (86.42%), with fellow farmers being the most popular choice among farmers. Only 13.58% of farmers choose ICTs, with mobile phones being the preferred ICT over computers, radio, and television. The preference for using ICT is influenced by farmer characteristics: age (p &lt; 0.01), livestock experience (p &lt; 0.05), costs (p &lt; 0.1), and ICT number (p &lt; 0.05). </em> <em>Information dissemination using ICT media will be more appropriate for young farmers who are just starting their business.</em></p> 2024-03-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Annisa' Qurrotun A'yun, Budi Guntoro, Endang Sulastri, Noor Asrianto https://ejournal.unib.ac.id/agrisep/article/view/30825 A CASE STUDY IN SLEMAN: A FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS OF RICE-FISH FARMING BASED ON RESOURCES PRODUCTIVITY 2024-01-10T05:02:19+00:00 Triyono Notowiharjo triyono@umy.ac.id Dafit Alvaseno dafitalvaseno@gmail.com <p><em>One of the efforts to optimize resources in order to increase farm income is mina rice, which is rice and fish farming on one land and season in an integrated manner. This study aims to determine the cost, revenue, income, and profit of rice-fish farming. In addition, this study aims to determine the feasibility of rice-fish farming through a resource productivity approach. The method used is descriptive analysis, by taking respondents as many as 35 farmers in Samberembe village, Candibinangun, Pakem, Sleman, and the Special Region of Yogyakarta. The results of the study showed that the average paddy-fish farming area of 1,063 square meters requires an average total cost incurred for one year for production is IDR. 27,591,910.95. Rice-fish farming revenue amounted to IDR. 36,293,686, so that the income obtained amounted to IDR. 21,590,063.81. Meanwhile, the profit of rice-fish farming amounted to IDR. 8,701,774.77 for three seasons per year. The results of the feasibility analysis showed an R/C value of 1.3, a capital productivity value of 62% per year, and a labor productivity value of IDR. 206,125.21 per full time day, and a land productivity value of IDR. 7,292.00 per square meter. These results indicate that rice-fish farming is feasible to develop.</em></p> 2024-03-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Triyono Notowiharjo, Dafit Alvaseno https://ejournal.unib.ac.id/agrisep/article/view/30346 REGIONAL AND INTRA-REGIONAL ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF MUSI RAWAS UTARA DISTRICT AS AN OIL PALM PRODUCING REGION IN SUMATRA SELATAN PROVINCE 2023-11-29T03:06:32+00:00 Rohadi Utomo rohadiutomo@gmail.com Amar Siddiq amarsdiq@gmail.com <p><em>This research aimed to identify the key economic sectors that could uplift Musi Rawas Utara Regency from its underdeveloped status within Sumatra Selatan Province. The study employed a descriptive-analytical approach, which included analyzing primary sectors using the Location Quotient (LQ) method, determining leading sectors through Shift Share analysis, and assessing the contribution of the primary highest-value industry using Intra-Regional analysis. Among the 17 sectors contributing to the Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP), five were identified as primary sectors in Musi Rawas Utara Regency, with a significant dominance of the Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries sectors. However, Shift Share analysis revealed two leading sectors: education and health services with social activities. We identified seven potential sectors: industrial, infrastructure, and developing sectors. Developing sectors include agriculture, forestry, fisheries, mining and quarrying, and education. Meanwhile, five sectors were considered underdeveloped: the processing industry, construction, transportation and trade, financial services and insurance, government administration, defense, and taxpayer social security. LQ analysis emphasized that the agricultural and forestry sector is the primary sector in Musi Rawas Utara Regency, with palm oil production being a vital contributor. For the development of palm oil, Nibung and Karang Dapo districts require particular attention. Given Musi Rawas Utara Regency's disadvantaged status, optimizing agricultural sector development is crucial. By focusing on this sector, the region can enhance its economic performance, ultimately aiming to overcome its underdeveloped status and improve its financial outlook.</em></p> 2024-03-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Rohadi Utomo, Amar Siddiq https://ejournal.unib.ac.id/agrisep/article/view/31205 EXAMINING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INNOVATION CHARACTERISTICS AND EXTENSION SUPPORT WHEN USING JAJAR LEGOWO AS AN AGRICULTURAL INNOVATION 2024-02-28T03:37:18+00:00 Rizki Aditya Putra riztya302@gmail.com Dwi Sadono d_sadono@yahoo.com <p><em>The Jajar Legowo, as an agricultural technique innovation, has been introduced to farmers in Pangkal Jaya Village for quite some time. However, its implementation has not consistently followed the recommendations despite its proven ability to increase rice production. This research aims to review the adoption of the "Jajar Legowo" innovation in Pangkal Jaya Village, Bogor Regency, by analyzing the relationship between extension support and the farmer's perception of the innovation characteristics with implementing the innovation system. The research uses a survey method to collect quantitative data, supplemented by qualitative data obtained through in-depth interviews, observations, and literature review. The study found that the level of Jajar Legowo innovation implementation in Pangkal Jaya Village is relatively high and significantly related to extension support and farmers' perceptions of the characteristics of the Jajar Legowo planting technique. The effectiveness of the extension methods and content makes farmers quickly understand how to use the Jajar Legowo planting system, even though the extension media is less varied and the intensity of the extension is relatively low. Farmers assess Jajar Legowo as an agricultural innovation that is profitable, simple, and in accordance with farmers' needs, and the results can be observed. However, Jajar Legowo is challenging to implement because of the limited land available to farmers, requiring several adaptation strategies.</em></p> 2024-03-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Rizki Aditya Putra, Dwi Sadono https://ejournal.unib.ac.id/agrisep/article/view/31507 DEVELOPMENT POLICIES OF THE MICRO, SMALL, AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES (SMEs) FOR IMPROVING REGIONAL COMPETITIVENESS 2024-03-04T01:43:11+00:00 Sartono Sartono sartono@upb.ac.id M. Zalviwan zalviwan07@gmail.com Dina Octaviani dinaoctaviani84@yahoo.co.id Angga Hendharsa angga.hendharsa@upb.ac.id Ali Afif ali.afif@upb.ac.id Sigit Sugiardi sigit.sugiardi@upb.ac.id <p><em>This study explores the importance of developing Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) and the creative economy, as well as their position as the main drivers of economic growth. Focusing on North Kayong District, West Kalimantan, Indonesia, this research highlights the resilience and innovation demonstrated by SMEs in overcoming challenges. Government initiatives target the mitigation of barriers, with an emphasis on developing local superior products to increase regional competitiveness. The main objective is to utilize local potential to create sustainable opportunities for economic expansion and poverty alleviation. Qualitative research methods, through observation, focus group discussions (FGD), and questionnaires, as well as data analysis techniques including difference tests and SWOT analysis. The research results show that there are significant differences between government policies and the expectations of SMEs, while the results of the SWOT analysis show that SMEs have strengths to be developed such as the availability of local raw materials and market uptake, but have challenges such as limited access to funding, infrastructure, training and promotion. product. The position of SMEs is in quadrant two, the most appropriate diversification strategy, including product, market and place diversification. Government mitigation to support the development of SMEs, through policies developing road and transportation infrastructure to facilitate access to products and markets, providing markets for sales of superior products, training facilities for SMEs. The impact on local communities is as a provider of raw materials, developing SMEs and the creative economy, as well as increasing the economy and regional competitiveness.</em></p> 2024-03-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Sartono Sartono, M. Zalviwan, Dina Octaviani, Angga Hendharsa, Ali Afif, Sigit Sugiardi https://ejournal.unib.ac.id/agrisep/article/view/31059 INNOVATION IN FIBERGLASS SHIP ASSEMBLY: SOCIAL-ECONOMIC AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP STUDY OF COASTAL COMMUNITIES 2024-03-04T05:42:56+00:00 Mochamad Ridwan mridwan@unib.ac.id Waldi Novi Yarsah waldinoviyarsah@fe.unsri.ac.id <p>The problem of low performance of fishing communities in producing capture fisheries is generally related to the low quality of the capital ships used. This research aims to reveal the factors that caused the emergence of innovation in the business of assembling fiberglass fishing ships, the level of business development, and its impact on improving the socio-economic performance of fishing communities in rural areas. The research sample included small fishing communities and a group of fishermen who had built a business assembling fiberglass fishing ships in Bengkulu Selatan Regency. Because the data collected is mostly in the form of qualitative data, the analysis method used is a descriptive-qualitative method supported by statistical analysis methods. The results indicate that the emergence of innovation in assembling fiberglass fishing ships is driven by evidence highlighting the superior quality of fiberglass over wood in ship construction. The growth of the fiberglass ship assembly business is evident through its expanding market reach and increased sales turnover. Qualitatively, the study demonstrates that the innovation in assembling fiberglass ships has a positive impact on the socio-economic performance of fishermen, manifested through improved workability, heightened work motivation, and increased capture fisheries production. Three key recommendations emerge from the findings: (1) Stakeholders should consistently support the sustainability of fiberglass ship assembly businesses; (2) Relevant agencies are encouraged to actively contribute to the substantial development of the fiberglass ship assembly sector; and (3) Fishing communities greatly benefit from socialization, empowerment, literacy, and education programs.</p> 2024-03-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Mochamad Ridwan, Waldi Novi Yarsah https://ejournal.unib.ac.id/agrisep/article/view/30581 BUSINESS ANALYSIS AND VEGETABLE HYDROPONIC MARKETING 2024-01-14T07:22:28+00:00 Gustami Harahap gustami@staff.uma.ac.id Siswa Panjang Hernosa siswapanjanghernosa@staff.uma.ac.id Mitra Musika Lubis mitra@uma.ac.id Ella Permatasari ella@gmail.com <p>The purpose of this research is 1) To find out how much income hydroponic spinach farming is in Percut Sei Tuan District; 2) To determine the feasibility of hydroponic spinach farming in Percut Sei Tuan District; 3) To find out the marketing efficiency of hydroponic spinach farming in Percut Sei Tuan District. This research was conducted in Percut Sei Tuan District, Deli Serdang Regency, in December 2022. With a sample of 23 respondents, 8 owned hydroponic businesses, three collectors, five wholesalers, and seven consumers. The data used are primary data from interviews with questionnaires to find the 1st objective by the R/C ratio business feasibility analysis; the share margin analyzed for the 3rd objective. Based on the research, the results obtained: 1) the average income of hydroponic spinach vegetable farmers is IDR. 13,393,328 per planting period with an average land area of 294.50; 2) Farming is feasible with R/C Ratio &gt;1, which is 3.08, Volume BEP Value = 347,98 kg, BEP price value = IDR 8,237, Payback Period (PP) value = 0,33; 3) the three marketing channels are considered efficient, where the efficiency value is &lt; 50%. Channel I is worth 1,47%, Channel II is 1,51%, and Channel III is 1,1%.</p> 2024-03-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Gustami Harahap, Siswa Panjang Hernosa, Mitra Musika Lubis, Ella Permatasari https://ejournal.unib.ac.id/agrisep/article/view/31406 WHAT MAKES COCOA FARMERS CONVERT COCOA LAND? CASE STUDY: TWO COCOA PRODUCING DISTRICTS IN SOUTHEAST SULAWESI PROVINCE, INDONESIA 2024-02-28T05:38:11+00:00 Campina Illa Prihantini campinailla26@gmail.com Ahmad Syariful Jamil ahmadsyarifuljamil@gmail.com Risna Risna risayana_usnkolaka@gmail.com Iksan Iksan iksan07_usn@gmail.com Masitah Masitah masitah.malla@gmail.com Umbu Joka umbujoka@unimor.ac.id Dudi Septiadi dudi@unram.ac.id Resti Prastika Destiarni resti.destiarni@trunojoyo.ac.id <p>Southeast Sulawesi province, as one of the cocoa baskets and the center of the National Cocoa Movement (GERNAS), continues to experience a decline in cocoa production and land area. One factor is the widespread conversion of cocoa land. This phenomenon needs to be highlighted and studied further because it can affect the sustainability of the cocoa value chain in Southeast Sulawesi. This study aims to determine what factors influence cocoa farmers in converting cocoa farmland to other farms in Southeast Sulawesi Province's two leading cocoa-producing districts. The research sites were purposely selected because they are the two leading cocoa-producing districts in the province. This study used logistic regression analysis. Cocoa farmers in Kolaka district converted cocoa land to patchouli farming, while cocoa farmers in East Kolaka district converted their cocoa land to rice farming. The analysis results show that the main factors that significantly influence cocoa farmers' decision to convert cocoa land are cocoa farming experience and the price of other commodities (including the level of income farmers receive from farming other commodities). The primary policy that the government can take in maintaining cocoa land area is to provide price certainty for cocoa itself. So far, cocoa farmers have always faced price uncertainty, and cocoa's value chain and sustainability in Southeast Sulawesi Province need to be clarified.</p> 2024-03-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Campina Illa Prihantini; Ahmad Syariful Jamil; Risna Risna, Iksan Iksan, Masitah Masitah; Umbu Joka, Dudi Septiadi, Resti Prastika Destiarni https://ejournal.unib.ac.id/agrisep/article/view/32133 THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL MEDIA MARKETING AND ATTRACTIVENESS ON INTEREST IN VISITING THE KAMPONG MELAYU TOURISM VILLAGE (BML) PONTIANAK CITY 2024-03-07T04:16:03+00:00 Muchammad Ariffin ariffin.m@upb.ac.id Windi Pratiwi windi.pratiwi@upb.ac.id <p> The research purposes are to analyze the influence of social media marketing and attractiveness on interest in visiting the Kampong Melayu Tourism Village (BML) Pontianak City. The tourist city of Kampong Melayu Pontianak relies heavily on social media marketing to attract tourists there. Therefore, in this instance, social media's accessibility and technological advancements indirectly served as a route for promotion to pique the attention of travelers. The attraction is crucial in generating interest in visiting the Pontianak settlement of Kampong Melayu. This feature has emerged as one of the most important elements in creating a favorable and alluring image for visitors, which can also benefit the tourism sector. The form of this research is quantitative, data is extracted and classified based on percentages. The sample in this research is people who visit the Kampong Melayu Tourism Village (BML) Pontianak City. Data analysis in this study used SmartPLS 3.0. The research results show that social media marketing has a positive effect on interest in visiting with a p-value of 0.000 &lt; 0.05 and attractiveness also has a positive effect on interest in visiting with a p-value of 0.000 &lt; 0.05. Social media marketing influences visiting interest by 28.9%, while attractiveness by 56.6%. The ability of social media to facilitate the widespread dissemination of information—as well as its appeal from a cultural perspective, plays a role in attracting tourist interest.</p> 2024-03-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Muchammad Ariffin, Windi Pratiwi https://ejournal.unib.ac.id/agrisep/article/view/29444 FARMERS' WIFE INCOME SOURCES AND IT’S CONTRIBUTION TO THE HOUSEHOLD: AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS 2024-03-13T08:15:11+00:00 Akbar Akbar akbar@unismuh.ac.id Syafiuddin Saleh syafiuddin_saleh@unismuh.ac.id Wiraksini Tri Putri wiraksini.p@gmail.com <p>The wife's contribution to the family is unavoidable. In addition to preparing the husband's needs before and after he comes home from work, as well as taking care of all household needs, the wife's responsibility is working to help the husband in meeting the needs of his household. The purpose of this study was to determine the income of farmer households, the source of income of farmer wives, and their contribution to the household. This study was carried out in Manongkoki Village, North Polongbangkeng District, Takalar Regency, in May and June 2023. In this study, 125 farmer's wives who worked outside the home were included. The sample used was 25% of the population so that the number of samples used in this study was 31 people. The sampling technique used is simple random sampling. This research uses a qualitative approach with a case study method. The data collection techniques used were observation and interviews using questionnaires. The data analysis techniques used were income analysis and income contribution analyses. The findings revealed that (1) the average household income was IDR 2,090,412 per month, (2) the sources of income for farmers' wives were farm laborers, traditional cake sellers, and grocery traders, and (3) farmers' wives contributed 34% of home income with a low category. Farming families appreciate this revenue contribution since it allows them to cove.</p> 2024-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Akbar Akbar, Syafiuddin Saleh, Wiraksini Tri Putri https://ejournal.unib.ac.id/agrisep/article/view/30299 CATFISH CULVATION (Pangasianodon hypopthalmus) BUSINESS INCOME WITH PRODUCTION RISKS IN BANJAR DISTRICT, SOUTH KALIMANTAN PROVINCE 2024-03-19T07:29:44+00:00 Aprilia Anggi Santoso Apriliaas28@gmail.com Yusman Syaukat yssyaukat@apps.ipb.ac.id Anna Fariyanti anfari@apps.ipb.ac.id <p><em>Catfish (Pangsianodon hypopthalmus) is a type of economical fish that is quite popular with the public. Production of Catfish cultivation in Banjar Regency has decreased, due to flooding as a factor influencing production risk. The existence of production risks in the Catfish cultivation business also greatly influences the income of Catfish cultivators. The aim of this research is to analyze the income of Catfish cultivation businesses in the presence of production risks. This research was conducted in Martapura District and West Martapura District, Banjar Regency. The number of Catfish cultivators in the sample was 41 respondents. The type of data used in This research was used panel data. Business income is analyzed using the R/C ratio and the value of expected income when production risks occur is measured using expected return. The results of the analysis show that the Catfish cultivation business has an R/C ratio &gt; 1 and the expected return value is positive, namely IDR </em>5,431,767.27<em>. The probability that there is a production risk, namely flooding, shows that the Catfish cultivation business in Banjar Regency is efficient and therefore feasible to run.</em></p> 2024-03-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Aprilia Anggi Santoso, Yusman Syaukat, Anna Fariyanti https://ejournal.unib.ac.id/agrisep/article/view/30827 THE EFFECT OF THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC ON THE PRICE OF STAPLE FOODS IN MEDAN CITY 2024-03-13T04:22:07+00:00 Ekamonika Manihuruk ekamonikam@gmail.com Aditya Arief Rachmadhan aditcakep.tq@gmail.com <p><em>Staple food must be available in sufficient quantities and at affordable prices. However, the COVID-19 pandemic has restricted public access and disrupted food distribution. As one of the most affected cities, Medan City is facing the threat of rising food prices due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aims to analyze the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on staple food prices in Medan City. The commodities that are the focus of the research are: (1) rice, (2) white sugar, (3) palm oil, (4) chicken eggs, (5) chicken meat, and (6) beef. This study used weekly time series data which is divided into two periods; the period before the COVID-19 pandemic (2018-2019) and during the COVID-19 pandemic (2020-2021). Data analysis was performed using the ANOVA method; where the price difference shows the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on food prices. The results of the analysis show that the COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on increasing staple food prices in Medan City for the commodities: (1) rice, (2) white sugar, (3) palm oil, (4) chicken eggs, and (5) beef. The results of the study also show that the COVID-19 pandemic has had a negative implications on the food security in Medan City. This research emphasize the government intervention in stabilizing staple food prices during extraordinary conditions (such as the COVID-19 pandemic) to preserve food security in urban area.</em></p> 2024-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Ekamonika Manihuruk, Aditya Arief Rachmadhan https://ejournal.unib.ac.id/agrisep/article/view/32027 ANALYSIS OF FARMERS' INCOME AND WELFARE DEEP COCONUT (COCOS NUCIFERA L) IN KERITANG DISTRICT, INDRAGIRI HILIR REGENCY 2024-03-21T03:17:18+00:00 Shorea Khaswarina shoreakhaswarina@gmail.com Roza Yulida roza.yulida@lecturer.unri.ac.id M. Rapiqi rapiqi17@gmail.com Umi Salamah umidreamland90@gmail.com <p>The purpose of this research is to: (1) determine the income level of coconut farmers (Cocos nucifera L) (2) Analyze the level of welfare of coconut farmers (Cocos nucifera L) in Keritang District, Indragiri Hilir Regency. The data collection methods used in this study are primary and secondary data. Primary data was obtained by conducting direct interviews with coconut farmers in Keritang District, Indragiri Hilir Regency using a questionnaire, while secondary data was obtained from relevant agencies as well as previous research journals and literature studies. This study used a survey method with a total of 44 respondents of coconut farmers obtained using the Taro Yamane formula and sampling with simple random sampling method. The analytical tool used to answer the first objective is income analysis tool (μ = TR - TC). The analytical tool used to answer the second objective is the analysis of the level of welfare according to BPS 2022. The results of this study indicate that the average income of coconut farmers (Cocos nucifera L) in Keritang District, Indragiri Hilir Regency is IDR 56,084,645.45/farmer/ year or IDR 4,673,720.45/farmer/month and this study shows the welfare level of coconut farmers (Cocos nucifera L) in Keritang District, Indragiri Hilir Regency. The level of welfare of coconut farmers according to BPS indicators (2022) in Keritang District there are 30 farmers or 68.18% are at the level of welfare with the Good group and 14 farmers or 31.82% are in the category of sufficient welfare level.</p> 2024-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Shorea Khaswarina, Roza Yulida, M. Rapiqi https://ejournal.unib.ac.id/agrisep/article/view/32621 PERCEPTION AND ADOPTION OF UPLAND CROPPING SYSTEMS IN SOUTH-EAST CAMBODIA 2024-03-18T06:00:29+00:00 Pin Tara pintara30@gmail.com Men Sarom msarom55@gmail.com Huon Thavarak huonth@gmail.com Ro Sophoanrith rsophoanrith@rua.edu.kh San Kong sankong@gmail.com Hendri Bustamam hendribustamam@unib.ac.id <p><em>A survey was carried out to assess the opportunities and barriers for farmers to adopt intercropping and crop rotations in the uplands of Prey Veng and Svay Rieng provinces in South-Eastern of Cambodia. Survey methods with 37 respondents in Prey Veng and 39 respondents in Svay Rieng. Epidata Software was used to build a data entry template and the data was further exported into SPSS Software for final cleaning and analysis. Each province has differences in agricultural cultivation and crop types. Majority of agricultural land is owned by farmers in Prey Veng province at 78.4% and Svay Rieng province at 74.4%, while rental land is 21.6-25.6%. The practices of crop rotation and intercropping systems is very low, crop rotation at 5.1-13.5% and intercropping at 2.6-5.4%. Own land ownership and practices of crop rotation/intercropping in Prey Veng province are higher than in Svay Rieng province. Obstacles to the adoption of intercropping between provinces are different, in Svay Rieng Province are lack of access to irrigation, lack of access to markets, labor and credit; while in the province of Svay Rieng are small field size, lack of market, lack of land ownership and lack of credit. In both provinces is the suitability of the technologies to the region and the high level of complexity. The barriers to adoption, especially lack of markets, labour and credit suggest the need for greater engagement of the private sector for the provision of advice and support.</em></p> 2024-03-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Pin Tara, Men Sarom, Huon Thavarak, Ro Sophoanrith, San Kong, Hendri Bustamam https://ejournal.unib.ac.id/agrisep/article/view/31950 ASSESSMENT OF FUMMAN AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS INDUSTRIES’ CONTRACT FARMING SCHEME AMONG PINEAPPLE FRUIT FARMERS IN OYO STATE, NIGERIA 2024-03-16T08:02:27+00:00 Oyedeji Taofeeq Yekinni taofeeqyekinni@gmail.com Temitope Ladigbolu adejojutemitope@gmail.com Ezekiel Olalekan Akanji ezekielakanji@yahoo.com <p><em>This study assessed FUMMAN Agricultural Products Industries Plc. contract farming scheme among pineapple fruit farmers in Oyo State, Nigeria. Data on enterprise characteristics, benefits derived, constraints encountered and field personnel characteristics were gathered from 105 pineapple fruit farmers. Respondents were sampled using a multistage sampling procedure and interview schedule were used to elicit information which were analyzed using frequencies, percentages, mean, standard deviation and Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) at α0.05. Findings showed that the majority (76.2%) of the pineapple fruit farmers cultivated less than 1 hectares farm size. They derived benefits from access to stable market (x ̅=1.94) and reduction of wastage level (x ̅=1.84), while defaulting in contractual agreements (x ̅=1.45) and delay in payment (x ̅=1.38) were major constraints encountered. Integrity (x ̅=3.29), honesty (x ̅=3.29) and trustworthiness (x ̅=3.27)&nbsp;&nbsp; were the major characteristics of field personnel identified. There were significant relationships among farmers’ benefit derived (r=0.787), constraints encountered (r=-0.193) and field personnel characteristics’ assessment. It is recommended that FUMMAN should endeavour to keep to contractual agreements while ensuring extension of the contracts through highly rated field personnel</em></p> 2024-03-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Oyedeji Taofeeq Yekinni, Temitope Ladigbolu, Ezekiel Olalekan Akanji https://ejournal.unib.ac.id/agrisep/article/view/32198 BENEFITS DERIVED FROM SOCIAL GROUP MEMBERSHIP BY POULTRY FARMERS IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA 2024-01-22T05:02:29+00:00 Adewumi Temidire Olumoyegun temidirepoint1@gmail.com BolanleAina Olumoyegun bolanleaina@gmail.com <p><em>Social Capital is fast taking a defining role as a necessity for successful and sustainable agricultural enterprise.&nbsp; The network of farmers in developing countries like Nigeria has been seen to determine greatly their resilience, ability to escape poverty, take risks and overcome vulnerabilities. Investigating the benefits derived and constraints encountered by poultry farmers in membership of social groups was the main thrust of this study.&nbsp; A two-stage sampling procedure was employed to select 120 poultry farmers in Ondo state. Questionnaire containing open and closed ended questions were used to elicit information from respondents. Data collected was analysed using frequency counts, percentages and mean. Results reveal that majority of sampled poultry farmers were between 40-59 years of age (53.3%), male (62.5%), married (73.3%), with some level of formal education (85.8%), poultry farming experience of 1-10 years (71.7%) and farm size of between 1-1000 birds (71.7%). Livelihood security (mean=1.19), accessing health services (mean=1.08), recreation (mean=1.07) and consultancy services (mean=1.03) were the top benefits of social group membership reported among respondents. Major constraints to social group membership identified by the respondents were low financial capacity (mean=1.13), poor group coordination (mean=1.22), lack of education (mean=1.08), leadership issues (mean= 0.98) and religious differences (mean=0.95). Institutional support to strengthen social group membership because of its advantages; by providing financial incentives and leadership capacity building for small scale poultry farmers is canvassed</em>.</p> 2024-03-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Adewumi Temidire Olumoyegun, BolanleAina Olumoyegun