Busri Saleh(1),
(1) Universitas Bengkulu, Indonesia


[STABILITY IMPROVENT OF STEEP HILL SOIL STRUCTURE BY MEANS OF HYDROSEEDING OF MOSSES AND SOIL CONDITIONERS]. Steep hill is very sensitive to soil erosion and land slide. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of mosses (musci) and soil conditioners applied through hydroseeding technique on the development moss colony and stability of soil structure of steep hill. A randomized complete block design with three replications was used to allocate the treatment combinations of soil conditioners (no soil conditioner, water + manure, and water + manure + latex) and moss species (no moss, Andrea petrophila, and Polytricum commune).  1m x 1m plots were made on steep hill with 65% inclination and each plot was sprayed with 2 L of the soil conditioner and moss mixture (hydroseeding). Observations were made on the moss development and soil physical properties. The results showed that the moss colony increased significantly as applied with soil conditioners.  The highest colony size of moss was found on the application of water + manure + latex (200.85 m-2), followed by water + manure with (156.46 m-2), whereas no soil conditioner produced the lowest (104.91 m-2).  Hydroseeding of moss and soil conditioner had significantly improved the stability of soil structure . Combination of Polytricum commune and water + manure + latex produced the highest improvement in soil structure stability by 93.3 % as compared to the control.


Hermawan, B. and A. A. Bomke. 1996. Aggregates of degraded lowland soil during restoration with different cropping and drainage regimes. Soil Technology. 9: 239-250.

Hermawan, B. and A. A. Bomke. 1997. Effect of winter cover crops and successive spring tillage on soil aggregation. Soil Till. Res. 44: 109-120.

Loch, R. J. and T.E. Donnolan. 1983. Field rainfall simulator studies on two clay soil of the Darling Downs, Queensland.II. Aggregated breakdown, sediment properties and soil erodibility. Aust. J. Soil Res. 44: 109-120.

Mulyadi dan Soepraptohardjo. 1975. Masalah data dan penyebaran tanah-tanah kritis. Kertas kerja untuk Simposium Tanah Kritis di Jakarta tanggal 27-29 Oktober 1975. LPT Bogor.

Rost, T.L., M.G. Barbour, R.M. Thornton, and T.E. Weier. 1984. A Brief Introduction to Plant Biology, John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Seta, A.K. 1986. Konservasi Tanah danAir. Kalam Mulia, Jakarta.

Singer, M.J. and D.N. Warrington. 1992. Crusting in the Western United States. In: M.E. Summer and B.A. Stewart (Eds). Soil Crusting: Chemical and Physical Processes. Lewis Publishers, Boca Paton, Ann Abor, London : 179-204.

Tjitrosoepomo, G. 1981. Taksonomi Tumbuhan. Bharata Karya Aksara, Jakarta.

Vasishta, B.R. 1985. Bryophyta. S. Chand & Company Ltd., Ram Nagar, New York


Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 38 times
 PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) Downloaded : 69 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia (JIPI)
Indonesian Journal of Agriculture Sciences partners :


Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia (JIPI)
Indonesian Journal of Agriculture Sciences

Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bengkulu,

WR Supratman St. Kandang Limun, Bengkulu 38371 INDONESIA
Phone: +6281367676877
e-mail :

p-ISSN 1411-0067
e-ISSN 2684-9593

View My Stats