Abimanyu D Nusantara(1), C Kusmana(2), I Mansur(3), L.K Darusman(4), Soedarmadi Soedarmadi(5),
(1) Universitas Bengkulu, Indonesia
(2) Institut Pertanian Bogor, Indonesia
(3) Institut Pertanian Bogor, Indonesia
(4) Institut Pertanian Bogor, Indonesia
(5) Institut Pertanian Bogor, 


[THE USE OF VERMICOMPOST FOR BIOMASS PRODUCTION OF LEGUME COVER CROP AND INOCULUM OF ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGUS]. Vermicompost is an organic fertilizer produced through the digestive system and microorganism inside the earthworm gut. Vermicompost is recognized to have positive effects on the plant growth and development of mycorrhizal symbiosis.The study was aimed to determine the optimum size (diameter and weight) of vermicompost for producing biomass of legume cover crop (LCC) and inoculum of arbuscular mycorrhiza fungus (AMF) of G. etunicatum. A glasshouse experiment was arranged in a randomized block design, involving different diameter size and weight of vermicompost as the treatments. Results showed that vermicompost is a potential substitute to inorganic fertilizer for production of LCC biomass and AMF inoculum.Vermicompost applied with  diameter < 250 µm weighing 150 – 172 mg produced  the highest  root dry weight of LCC, root colonization, and number of spores of G. etunicatum. A linear relation was found between root colonization and number of spores of G. etunicatum.


Aira, M., F. Monroy, and J. Domínguez. 2006. Changes in microbial biomass and microbial activity of pig slurry after the transit through the gut of the earthworm Eudrilus eugeniae (Kinberg, 1867). Biol. Fertil. Soils 42:371–376.

Bachman G.R. and J.D. Metzger. 2008. Growth of bedding plants in commercial potting substrate amended with vermicompost. Biores. Technol. 99: 3155–3161

Bressan, W. 2002. The interactive effect of phosphorus and nitrogen on "in vitro" spore germination of Glomus etunicatum Becker and Gerdemann, root growth and mycorrhizal colonization. Braz. J. Microbiol. 32: 276 –280.

Canellas L.P., F.L. Olivares, A.L. Okorokova-Façanha, and A.R. Façanha. 2003. Humic acids isolated from earthworm compost enhance root elongation, lateral root emergence, and plasma membrane H+–ATPase activity in maize roots. Plant Physiol. 130:1951– 1957

Cavender, N.D., R.M. Atiyeh, and M. Kneel. 2003. Vermicompost stimulates mycorrhizal colonization of roots of Sorghum bicolor at the expense of plant growth. Pedobiologia 47: 85–89. Chaoui H.I., L.M.

Zibilske, and T. Ohno. 2003. Effects of earthworm casts and compost on soil microbial activity and plant nutrient availability. Soil Biol. Biochem. 35: 2295–302.

Douds D.D., L. Galvez, M. Franke Snyder, C. Reider, and L.E. Drinkwater. 1997. Effect of compost addition and crop rotation point upon VAM fungi. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 65:257–266.

Feldmann F., I. Hutter, and C. Schneider. 2009. Best production practice of arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculum. Soil Biology 18:319–335.

Ferreras L., E. Gomez, E. Toresani, I. Firpo, and R. Rotondo. 2006. Effect of organic amendments on some physical, chemical and biological properties in a horticultural soil. Biores. Technol. 97:635–640

Fitriatin B.N., M.R. Setiawati, and R. Hindersah. 2003. Aplikasi pupuk organik (kascing dan ekstrak cacing) serta cendawan mikoriza arbuskula terhadap populasi mikroba di rizosfir, kolonisasi mikoriza, pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman jagung manis pada Ultisols. In: T. Simarmata T, D.H. Arief, Y.H. Sumarni, R. Hindersah, A. Azirin, and A.M. Kalay (Eds). Teknologi Produksi dan Pemanfaatan Inokulan Endo –Ektomikoriza untuk Pertanian, Perkebunan, dan Kehutanan. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Mikoriza, Bandung 16 September 2003. Asosiasi Mikoriza Indonesia dan Universitas Padjajaran. pp. 32–40.

Hameeda, B., M. Srijana, O.P. Rupela, and G. Reddy. 2007. Effect of bacteria isolated from composts and macrofauna on sorghum growth and mycorrhizal colonization. World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 23: 883–887.

Havlin J.L., J.D. Beaton, S.L. Tisdale, and W.L. Nelson. 2005. Soil Fertility and Fertilizers. An Introduction to Nutrient Management. 7th ed. Prentice Hall, New Jersey USA.

Knapp B.A., M. Ros, and H. Insam. 2010. Do composts affect the soil microbial community?. In: H. Insam, I. Franke–Whittle, M. Goberna (Eds). Microbes at Work – From Wastes to Resources. Springer Verlag, Heidelberg. pp. 271–291.

Ndegwa P.M. and S.A. Thompson. 2001. Integrating composting and vermicomposting in the treatment of bioconversion of biosolids. Biores. Technol. 76: 107 –112.

Roldan A. and J. Albaladejo. 1993. Vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhiza (VAM) fungal populations in Xeric Torriorthent receiving urban refuse. Soil. Biol. Biochem. 25:451–456.

Sainz M.J. and N.T. Taboada. 1996. Comparative effects of earthworm cast, a composted municipal refuse and a soluble P fertilizer on yield and arbuscular infection of Glycine max L. In: C. Azcon–Aguilar and J.M. Barea (Eds). Mycorrhizas in Integrated Systems from Genes to Plant Development. Proc. of the 4th European Symposium on Mycorrhiza. Directorat General XII (Science, Research and Development), European Commision. Brussels, Luxembourg. pp. 588–590.

Sainz, M.J., M.T. Taboada-Castro, A. Vilarino. 1998. Growth, mineral nutrition and mycorrhizal colonization of red clover and cucumber plants grown in soil amended with composted urban wastes. Plant Soil 205: 85–92.

Singh, A. and S. Sharma. 2003. Effect of microbial inocula on mixed solid waste composting, vermicomposting and plant response. Compost Science & Utilization 11:190-199.

Smith S.E. and D.J. Read. 2008. Mycorrhizal Symbiosis. 3rd ed. Academic Press. San Diego, USA.

Widiastuti, H. 2004. Biologi interaksi cendawan mikoriza arbuskula kelapa sawit pada tanah asam sebagai dasar pengembangan teknologi aplikasi dini. Disertasi. Sekolah Pascasarjana, IPB, Bogor.


Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 60 times
 PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) Downloaded : 44 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia (JIPI)
Indonesian Journal of Agriculture Sciences partners :


Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia (JIPI)
Indonesian Journal of Agriculture Sciences

Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bengkulu,

WR Supratman St. Kandang Limun, Bengkulu 38371 INDONESIA
e-mail :

p-ISSN 1411-0067
e-ISSN 2684-9593

View My Stats