TANTANGAN PENGEMBANGAN PADI DIKABUPATEN KEPULAUAN MENTAWAI

Rafnel Azhari(1), Bujang Rusman(2), Musliar Kasim(3), Auzar Syarif(4), Reflinaldon Reflinaldon(5), Syafrimen Yasin(6), Afrizal Zainal(7), Junaidi Junaidi(8),
(1) Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Andalas, Indonesia
(2) Program Studi Ilmu Tanah, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Andalas, Indonesia
(3) Program Studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Andalas, Indonesia
(4) Program Studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Andalas, Indonesia
(5) Unit Hama dan Penyakit Tanaman, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Andalas, Indonesia
(6) Program Studi Ilmu Tanah, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Andalas, Indonesia
(7) Program Studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Andalas, Indonesia
(8) Program Studi Ilmu Tanah, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Andalas, Indonesia

Abstract


This study aims to identify the problems and develop rice agribusiness in Mentawai Islands from upstream to downstream and formulate appropriate policy recommendations to be implemented. The research location determined by purposive namely in the village Makalo and Malakopa District of South Pagai, Sikakap subdistrict Taikako Village, Village Saumanganya District of North Pagai, Bosua Village and Village Beriulou District of South Sipora, Village Rogdog and Madobag District of South Siberut. Respondents in this study were 30 farmers. Respondents farmers selected by simple random sampling method. The results showed that the majority of rice paddies new openings in six districts consist of peatlands with a depth varying from 0.4- > 2.0 meter, fields new openings that have been implemented in the Mentawai Islands in general can not be expected to result in maximum productivity due to problems of land suitability diverse. Farmers also do not take action appropriate technical culture starting from land preparation, seed selection, weeding, fertilizing and water management. Behaviorally agriculture, farmers in Mentawai Islands is not a society that blends with the culture of rice fields, it is because basically their agricultural base is dry land agriculture with farming patterns. This will certainly give a great challenge and not easy for the cultivation of rice in the Mentawai Islands.


Keywords


challenge,rice agribusiness, cultivation of rice

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arsyad, S. 2010. Konservasi Tanah dan Air. Edisi Kedua. IPB Press, Bogor.

Badan Litbang Pertanian. 2007. Pengelolaan Tanaman Terpadu (PTT) Padi Sawah Irigasi. Petunjuk Teknis Lapang. Badan Litbang Pertanian, Departemen Pertanian.

Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Mentawai , 2016. Produk Domestik Regional Bruto Kabupaten Kepulauan Mentawai. Kabupaten Kepulauan Mentawai : Badan Pusat Statistik.

Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Mentawai , 2016. Statistik Daerah Kabupaten Kepulauan Mentawai 2016. Kabupaten Kepulauan Mentawai : Badan Pusat Statistik.

Dinas Pertanian, Peternakan dan Perkebunan Kabupaten Kepulauan Mentawai, 2015. Kerangka Acuan Kerja Fasilitasi dan Pengembangan Padi Kabupaten Kepulauan Mentawai. Kabupaten Kepulauan Mentawai. Dinas Pertanian, Peternakan dan Perkebunan.

Fahmuddin, Agus dan I.G. Made Subiksa. 2008. Lahan Gambut: Potensi untuk Pertanian dan Aspek Lingkungan. Balai Penelitian Tanah dan World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF).

Kartasapoetra, AG. 1999. Hama tanaman pangan dan Perkebunan. Bumi Aksara, Jakarta.

Koentjaraningrat, 1985. Metode - metode Penelitian Masyarakat. Jakarta Gramedia.

Mardikanto, Totok. 2009. Sistem Penyuluhan Pertanian. Sebelas Maret University Press. Surakarta.

Nasrul, B. 2010. Penyebaran dan potensi lahan gambut di Kabupaten Bengkalis untuk pengembangan pertanian. Jurnal Agroteknologi, 1 (1):1 – 7.

Prasetyo. B.H, 2006. Evaluasi Tanah Sawah Bukaan Baru di Daerah Lubuk Linggau Sumatera Selatan. Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia. 8(1): 31 – 43.

Surakhmad, Winarno,1990. Pengantar Penelitian Ilmiah. Tarsito, Bandung.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31186/agrisep.16.1.41-56

Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 31 times
 PDF Downloaded : 32 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Rafnel Azhari, Bujang Rusman, Musliar Kasim, Auzar Syarif, Reflinaldon Reflinaldon, Syafrimen Yasin, Afrizal Zainal, Junaidi Junaidi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

AGRISEP views Statistic View MyStat

This journal has been indexed by: :

 Find in a library with WorldCatHasil gambar untuk index copernicus

 

 Locations: