MICRO ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION

A.S.A Ferdous Alam(1), Halima Begum(2), Chamhuri Siwar(3), Basri Talib(4), Md. Anowar Hossain Bhuiyan(5), Rahmah Elfithri(6),
(1) , Malaysia
(2) , Malaysia
(3) , Malaysia
(4) , Malaysia
(5) , Malaysia
(6) , Malaysia

Abstract


International migration is one of the key components of local economic development in a labour sending country. The returns of migration and remittances play a significant role in the economic development and growth of the source country. The remittance causes a positive Balance of Payment as well as poverty reduction in Bangladesh. These international migrations also have impacts on micro economic issues like local and household economy, which have
received very little attention in existing studies. Therefore, to check the issue, this study collected primary data based on a questionnaire survey from 306 Bangladesh workers who are engaged in wage-earning employment in Malaysia
during the period of Nov-Dec 2010. This study analysed the data based on the Path Measurement Model. This empirical study found that international migration significantly improves the micro economy of Bangladesh such as
house ownership, improvement of economic conditions, donation towards local institutes and infrastructure, new work experience, new skills, and poverty reduction. Some initiatives such as communication skills, maintaining and
improving economic diplomacy and discouraging the Hundi System (Illegal remittance transfer system) are suggested to improve these rising consequences of international migration in Bangladesh.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33369/ajps.v1i1.969

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