PROTECTION OF SELF-DEVELOPMENT RIGHT FOR CONVICTED CRIMINALS IN THE ENVIRONMENT OF CLASS IIA CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF BENGKULU

Henny Wins(1), Antory Royan Adyan(2), Hamzah Hatrik(3),
(1) Bengkulu Advocate Center, Indonesia
(2) Universitas Bengkulu, Indonesia
(3) Universitas Bengkulu, Indonesia

Abstract


The correctional institutions developing nowadays adopts a penal system that is more educating and fostering. Formerly, correctional institutions adhered to a prison system that was more of a punishment for crimes committed by the criminals. In general, fostering the prisoners aims to make prisoners to be fully human through the strengthening of faith (mental endurance) as well as to foster the prisoners to be able to integrate naturally in prison and in a wider life (community) after serving their convictions. This study on the protection of self-development right for convicted criminals in the environment of class IIA correctional institutions of Bengkulu was an empirical legal research that aimed to find out and to analyze the implementation of protection of self-development right for prisoners as well as to find out and to analyze the obstacles faced in implementing the protection of self-development right for prisoners in the environment of class IIA correctional institutions of Bengkulu. Data sources of this research were primary and secondary data. Data collection methods applied in this study were interviews and documentation. The data processing method used was descriptive qualitative. From the results of the study, it was revealed that: 1) the implementation of the fulfillment of juvenile prisoners’ right to obtain education at the class IIA correctional institutions of Bengkulu had not been fully fulfilled. To fulfill the educational process, there are Program Kejar (Kelompok Belajar/Study Group) of Package A (equivalent to elementary school), Package B (equivalent to junior high school), and Package C (equivalent to high school) as a series of processes for fulfilling the right for education for juvenile prisoners. But the program had not run optimally according to standards set by the government. Most of the juvenile prisoners make self-taught learning; 2) in the implementation of the education process in prisons, there were several factors that become obstacles in its implementation. These factors included the lack of partners to carry out the process of fulfilling the right for education, the facilities available in correctional institutions were inadequate, the limited teaching staffs provided by the local Education Department, lack of supervision on juvenile prisoners if they were pursuing education outside correctional institutions, as well as minimal budget allocations for educational purpose in correctional institutions.

 


Keywords


Protection; Self-Development Right; Prisoners; Correctional Institutions Environment.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33369/j_bengkoelenjust.v11i1.15787

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