PRODUKSI SUARA DAN TINGKAH LAKU LUMBA-LUMBA JANTAN HIDUNG BOTOL (Tursiops aduncus ) DENGAN METODE BIOAKUSTIK DI TAMAN SAFARI, CISARUA BOGOR, INDONESIA

Muhammad Zainuddin Lubis(1), Sri Pujiyanti(2), Totok Hestrianoto(3), Pratiwi Dwi Wulandari(4), Keni Sultan(5),
(1) , Indonesia
(2) , Indonesia
(3) , Indonesia
(4) , Indonesia
(5) , Indonesia

Abstract


Produksi suara merupakan bagian dari metode bioakustik, yaitu menggabungkan
biologi dan akustik yang biasanya merujuk pada penelitian mengenai produksi suara,
dispersi melalui media elastis, dan penerimaan pada hewan, termasuk manusia. Penelitian
ini mengamati tingkah laku lumba-lumba jantan dengan melakukan pendekatan ilmu
bioakustik yang melihat karakteristik dari lumba-lumba tersebut. Lumba-lumba jantan
(Tursiops aduncus) yang dipelihara di Taman Safari Indonesia, Cisarua Bogor memiliki nilai
intensitas terendah sebesar 28,03 dB dan tertinggi adalah sebesar 32,01 dB. Dengan ratarata

parameter yang terukur yaitu salinitas sebesar 30 ‰ dan suhu 23 °C dengan
kedalaman kolam 4,5 meter. Range frekuensi suara klik dengan nilai intensitas tertinggi
yaitu sebesar 32 dB dengan suara klik sesudah makan pada hari ke 2 yang terdapat pada
range frekuensi yaitu 14 - 16 kHz. Range frekuensi suara klik lumba-lumba jantan hidung
botol (Tursiops aduncus) di Taman Safari, Cisarua Bogor, Indonesia yaitu pada frekuensi
14,2- 15 kHz.

 


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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31186/jenggano.1.2.20-28

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