PROFIL DAN PERSEPSI NELAYAN TERHADAP PERUBAHAN HASIL TANGKAPAN IKAN PERAIRAN PANTAI DI TELUK AMBON

B G Hutubessy(1), F Silooy(2), A Tupamahu(3), S Siaheinenia(4), J B Pailin(5), R H S Tawari(6),
(1) Jurusan Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Perikanan Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Pattimura, Indonesia
(2) Jurusan Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Perikanan Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Pattimura, Indonesia
(3) Jurusan Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Perikanan Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Pattimura, Indonesia
(4) Jurusan Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Perikanan Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Pattimura, Indonesia
(5) Jurusan Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Perikanan Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Pattimura, Indonesia
(6) , Indonesia

Abstract


Nelayan mengetahui sumberdaya laut secara rinci, juga lingkungan mereka dan aktifitas penangkapan yang mereka lalukan, dan pengetahuan ini jarang dikoleksi secara sistimatik. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menguji persepsi nelayan terhadap perubahan hasil tangkapan dan penyebabnya. Kami mewawancarai nelayan pantai Haive Besar dengan menggunakan kuisioner yang sifatnya semi terstruktur. Informasi pribadi nelayan seperti umur dan pengalaman menangkap ikan, aktifitas penangkapan seperti alat yang digunakan dan daerah penangkapan, serta pengetahuan mereka tentang perubahan ekosistem menjadi topik pertanyaan di dalam kuisioner. Nelayan dengan usia karir menengah (21-35 tahun) lebih banyak dibandingkan nelayan usia karir muda dan karir tua. Nelayan mendeteksi perubahan pada ekosistem daerah penangkapan mereka seperti banyaknya sampah, limbah minyak, rusak dan berkurangnya habitat karang dan lamun serta kekeruhan. Dampak yang nelayan rasakan adalah hasil tangkapan yang semakin berkurang bahkan tidak ada lagi. Persepsi nelayan terhadap perubahan ekosistem dan hasil tangkapan mereka menjadi dasar bagi penelitian selanjutnya seperti fisheries assessment. 

FISHERS’ PROFILE AND PERCEPTION ON THE SHIFTING OF CATCH ON THE COAST OF AMBON BAY. Fishers have detailed knowledge of their resources, their environment, and their fishing practices that is rarely systematically collected. This study was undertaken to examine perceptions of fishers on the shifting of catch and the occasion of the changing. We conducted an interview with coastal Hative Besar fishers using a semi-structured questioner. Fishers’ profiles such as age and years at fishery, gears and fishing grounds was one part of the questions. Other part was fishers’ ecological knowledge focused on environmental condition and shifting catch. More fishers with middle career (21-35 year in fishery) than young and old careers were interviewed. Environmental changes included waste in the water, oil, corals and seagrasses degradation, and turbidity affected the catch of fishers. Fish became difficult to be found. We learn from this study that fishers’ perception is an important tool for further fisheries assessment study.


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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31186/jenggano.4.1.43-51

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