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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

The original manuscript should generally not exceed single-spaced 10 pages of printed text, excluding tables and figures. Only on a special circumstance, an appendix is allowed to come with the article. The article should contain the following components:

1.    Title

The title should describe concisely content of the research and written in no more than 20 words long.

2.    Authors’ name and affiliations

Each author name is followed by a superscript number referring to the respective affiliation and address.

Please indicate the corresponding author by adding an asterisk (*) following the superscripted number.

3.    E-mail of the corresponding author

The current email address should be indicated for the corresponding author.

4.    Abstract

The abstract should consist of a single paragraph containing no more than 300 words. It should be self-contained and independent that summarizes the paper, consisting of the research context and objectives, principal methods used, results obtained and their significance. Neither reference, table, nor figure is allowed in the abstract.

5.    Keywords

As the paper may be used in indexing databases, a list of up to five keywords should be supplied following the abstract, each separated by a comma and ended with a period.

6.    Introduction

The introduction should contain sufficient background information on the paper topic and the issue(s) being studied (including relevant references but not table or figure). Indicate the objective of the research in the last paragraph of the introduction section.  All acronyms should be defined at first mention. The maximum length of introduction is 1000 words.

7.    Research Method

This section should begin with time and place of research. Define clearly the research design used in the data collection. All the observed variables and the involved statistical analyses should be well defined. Research method section should be no longer than 600 words.

8.    Results and Discussion

Results of the research should be presented continuously from all main results to the supporting results and provided with the pertinent discussion. All measurement units should be written in the prevailing international system. This section should be no longer than 3000 words. Only four illustrations (tables and/or figures) are allowed in the paper and should be referenced in the text.

Place figures and tables on separate pages at the end of the paper and give captions for figures and headings for tables which make them self-explanatory. The figure can be chart, photograph, drawing, or map. Make sure that all figures can be rescaled without losing their clarity.  No vertical grid is allowed in the table and horizontal grids are used only for column heading and summary.

9.    Conclusion

The conclusion contains short statements about the relevance between research findings and the issues being studied. Suggestion or policy implication may be added at the end of the conclusion. This section should be no longer than 150 words.

10.  Acknowledgment

Acknowledgment, if any, should contain shortlisted parties that provide a significant contribution to the research work and manuscript writing. This section should be no longer than 50 words.

11.  References

Make sure that all cited references are listed in this section and ordered from oldest to newest and from A to Z using the American Psychological Association (APA) bibliographical citation style. For examples:

Journal article

Clancy, J. S. (2008). Are biofuels pro-poor? Assessing the evidence. The European Journal of Development Research, 20(3), 416-431.

Yusuf, M. B. O., Shirazi, N. S., & MatGhani, G. (2013). The impact of Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund on Poverty in Pakistan: an empirical analysis. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 13(10), 1335-1344.

Adi, A.C., Kusharto, C.M., Hardinsyah, D.S. & Susanto, J.(1999). Konsumsi dan ketahanan pangan rumah tangga menurut tipe agroekologi di wilayah Kabupaten Pasuruan, JawaTimur. Media Gizi dan Keluarga, 23(18-14). [In Indonesian]


Sen, A. (1981). Poverty and famines: an essay on entitlement and deprivation. Oxford University Press. London.

Deakins, D. & Freel, M. S. (2009). Entrepreneurship and small firms. McGraw-Hill College.

Book chapter

Norton,  B. G. (1992). A new paradigm for environmental management. In  R. Constanza, B.D.Haskell, &  B.G. Norton (Eds.), Ecosystem health: new goals for environmental management (pp. 23-29). Washington, DC: Island Press.

Conference paper

Altay, A. (2007). The challenge for global women poverty: Microfinance (or microcredit) as a solution for women poverty in Turkey. In Papers of the Annual IUE-SUNY Cortland Conference in Economics (pp. 4-21). Izmir University of Economics.

Wilkinson, R. (1999). Sociology as a marketing feast. In M. Collis, L. Munro, & S. Russell (Eds.), Sociology for the New Millennium. Paper presented at The Australian Sociological Association, Monash University, Melbourne, 7-10 December (pp. 281-289). Churchill, VIC: Celts.


Cain, K. (2012, June 29). The Negative effects of Facebook on communication. Social Media Today RSS. Retrieved from http://socialmediatoday.com