MAGNITUDE, VICISSITUDES AND REMEDIES OF URBAN POVERTY IN NORTH-EAST NIGERIA

Abubakar Mohammed Sambo(1), Abubakar Garba Mshelia(2),
(1) Department of Political Science, Federal University Kashere, Nigeria
(2) Department of International Relations and Strategic Studies, Adamawa State Polytechnic, Nigeria

Abstract


Nigeria is divided for political convenience, into six geo-political zones; The north east, in the last decade is in global media because of the ceaseless conflict and war-like situation between the Nigerian government and youth insurgents. The dictum of western education is “unlawful” was the agitation of the insurgents, and they seek to change the educational status quo. North East Nigeria is blessed with an arable land for agricultural activities and mineral resources. The inability and lack of the political will by the governments both at central and state governments to strategically invest in the growth of these sectors for development purposes, brought about many challenges for the north east geo-political zone. Greater percentages of the population within the north east are youths in their productive ages that were engaged in rural-urban drift in search for a better livelihood and economic comfort. This paper seeks to explore the magnitude, changes and solutions of urban poverty in north east Nigeria. The paper adopts a qualitative design to investigate the perceived economic deprivation, social challenges and political miscalculations by the state and their inability to plan for the economic well-being of its population. Data were sourced at secondary source and thematic analysis was employed for analysis. Urban poverty brought many untold hardships to the people in the north east states, Hitches arising from fast urbanization with rapid development of the cities in the North-East, are very apparent. Lack of ensuring satisfactory and steady establishment of the basic needed services such as housing, health care amenities, water, electricity etc are remains the greatest encounter. This will further incapacitate family’s social growth and economic progress unless income generating opportunities are created by policy makers and backed with a greater political will.

Full Text:

 Subscribers Only

References


Abdu, H. (2014). Millennium development goals and poverty reduction: Context, challenges and way forward. Current Issues in Development. Office of Research and Development, University of Jos.

Ajakaiye, D. O., & Adeyeye, V. A. (2001). The nature of poverty in Nigeria. Nigeria Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER) monograph series no. 13.

Akinyode, B. F., & Martins, E. O. (2017). Effects of poverty on urban residents’ living and housing conditions in Nigeria. Journal of Arts and Humanities, 6(3), 38-51.

Anusionwu, E., & Diejomoah, V. (1981). The structure of income inequality in Nigeria: A macro analysis. The Political Economy of Income Distribution in Nigeria. Holmes and Meier Publishers Inc., New York

Arimah, B. C. (2010). The face of urban poverty: Explaining the prevalence of slums in developing countries (No. 2010, 30). Working paper//World Institute for Development Economics Research.

Babanyara, Y. Y., Usman, H. A., & Saleh, U. F. (2010). An overview of urban poverty and environmental problems in Nigeria. Journal of Human Ecology, 31(2), 135-143.

DFID 2004. Country Assistance Plan for Nigeria, 2004-2008. Department for International Development (DFID), London.

Draman, R. (2003, May). Poverty and Conflict in Africa: Explaining a complex relationship. In Expert Group meeting on Africa-Canada Parliamentary Strengthening Program Addis Ababa, May (pp. 19-23).

Fields, G. S. (2000). The Dynamics Of Poverty, Inequality and Economic Well-being: African Economic Growth in Comparative Perspective. Journal of African economies, 9(Supplement_1), 45-78.

Fotso, J. C. (2006). Child health inequities in developing countries: Differences across urban and rural areas. International Journal for Equity in Health, 5(1), 9.

Goswami, U. (2014). Conflict and reconciliation: The politics of ethnicity in Assam. Routledge India.

Ijaiya, G. T., & Abdulraheem, A. (2000). Commercial banks credits to the agricultural sector and poverty reduction in Nigeria: A calibration analysis. Nigeria Journal of Agricbiz and Rural Development, 40 (12).

IMF, R.E.O. (2007). Sub-Saharan Africa. IMF, October.

Khan, A. & Cheri, L. (2016). An examination of poverty as the foundation of crisis in Northern Nigeria. Insight on Africa, 8(1), 59-71.

Ludwig, J., Duncan, G. J., & Hirschfield, P. (2001). Urban poverty and juvenile crime: Evidence from a randomized housing-mobility experiment. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 116(2), 655-679.

Morenike, B. (2008). Causes and effects of Urban decay in Nigeria: Case studies of federal ministry ofEnvironment, Housing and Urban development Intervention in Urban renewal. In 39th Annual conference of the Nigerian Institute of Town Planners (NITP).

NBS. (2005). Annual abstracts of statistics. National Bureau of Statistics, Abuja, Nigeria.

NBS. (2012). The Nigerian poverty profile, 2010 report. Contained in press briefing by the Statistician General of the Federation. National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved from https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/b410c26c2921c18a6839baebc9b1428fa98fa36a.pdf

Obadan, M. I. (2001). Poverty reduction in Nigeria: The way forward. CBN economic and financial review, 39(4), 159-188.

Ogwumike, F. O. (2002). An appraisal of poverty reduction strategies in Nigeria. CBN Economic and Financial Review, 39(4), 1-17.

Oyesiku, O.K. (2000). The City Consultation Process Paradigm and Urban Poverty Alleviation., Paper

Raleigh, C. (2010). Political marginalization, climate change, and conflict in African Sahel states. International Studies Review, 12(1), 69-86.

Sambo, A.M., & Mshelia, A.G. (2017).Child begging: Poverty and misgovernance as a causal factor in Northern Nigeria. Public Policy and Administration Research, 7(2), 1-8.

Sen, A., & Dreze, J. (1999). The Amartya Sen and Jean Drèze Omnibus:(comprising) Poverty and Famines; Hunger and Public Action; and India: Economic Development and Social Opportunity. OUP Catalogue.

Shinn, M., & Gillespie, C. (1994). The roles of housing and poverty in the origins of homelessness. American Behavioral Scientist, 37(4), 505-521.

Soyombo, O. (1987). Some issues in the conceptualisation and theory of urban poverty in Nigeria. The urban poor in Nigeria, 1-13.

UNDP (1997). Human Development Report 1997 New York: Oxford University Press.

UNDP (2018). Human Development Indices and Indicators: 2018 Statistical Update . UNDP. Retrieved from http://hdr.undp.org/sites/all/themes/hdr_theme/country-notes/NGA.pdf.

Wood, D. (2003). Effect of child and family poverty on child health in the United States. Paediatrics, 112 (Supplement 3), 707-711.

World Bank. (1990). Nigeria's Poverty in the midst of Plenty: The Challenges of Growth with inclusion. Population and Human Resource Division, West Africa Department, Africa region.

World Bank. (1996). Nigeria: Poverty in the Midst of Plenty, the Challenge of Growth with Inclusion. The World Bank, Washington DC

World Bank. (2001). Attacking Poverty: World Development Report, 2000/2001. The World Bank, Washington D.C.

World Bank. (2008). Nigeria at a Glance. World Development Indicators 2008. The World Bank, Washington DC .

World Bank/DFID. (2005). Urban Poverty Report in Developing Countries.

World Bank/DFID Federal Office of Statistics (FOS) (1999) Poverty profile for Nigeria, 1980-1996. Lagos, pp. 24.

World Bank. (1990). Nigeria's Poverty in the midst of Plenty: The Challenges of Growth with inclusion. Population and Human Resource Division, West Africa Department, Africa region.

World Bank. (1996). Nigeria: Poverty in the Midst of Plenty, the Challenge of Growth with Inclusion. The World Bank, Washington DC

World Bank. (2001). Attacking Poverty: World Development Report, 2000/2001. The World Bank,Washington D.C.

World Bank. (2008). Nigeria at a Glance. World Development Indicators 2008. The World Bank, Washington DC .

World Bank/DFID. (2005). Urban Poverty Report in Developing Countries.

World Bank/DFID Federal Office of Statistics (FOS) (1999) Poverty profile for Nigeria, 1980-1996. Lagos, pp. 24




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33369/ajps.v5i1.9243

Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 0 times
 PDF Downloaded : 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Asian Journal for Poverty Studies (AJPS) indexed by:

      

RENPER Country Representative Office, University of Bengkulu

Jl. WR. Supratman, Kandang Limun
City of Bengkulu, Bengkulu, Indonesia 38121
Phone : +62-736-21170, +62-736-26793
Fax : +62-736-22105, +62-736-26793
Email : ajps@unib.ac.id
Web : renper.unib.ac.id

 

 

 

View My Stats