PERBANDINGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN PROBLEM SOLVING DAN PROBLEM BASED LEARNING TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KRITIS SISWA KELAS XI MIA MAN 2 KOTA BENGKULU

Ida Nurjelita Sani(1), Amrul Bahar(2), Elvinawati Elvinawati(3),
(1) FKIP Universitas Bengkulu, Indonesia
(2) FKIP Universitas Bengkulu, Indonesia
(3) FKIP Universitas Bengkulu, Indonesia

Abstract


The aim of this study to determine the comparison of Problem Solving (PS) and Problem Based Learning (PBL) models to critical thinking skills of student on buffer solution material. This type of research is quasi experimental research with posttest only control group design research design. The population of this study is all class XI IPA of MAN 2 Bengkulu City academic year 2018/2019 as many 133 students. The analysis of the data was used the normality test,  homogeneity test, and hypothesis test.  The research sample was taken by purposive sampling technique. Data on the results of students' critical thinking skills are obtained from the value of the posttest or final test. Posttest is done by using test instruments in the form of descriptive tests as many as 6 items, each of which has a different critical thinking indicator. Previous test instruments were tested and analyzed to see the level of validity, reliability, differentiation and the level of difficulty of the questions. The results of the study showed that the average value of students' critical thinking ability achievement in the experimental class 1 was higher than that of the experimental class 2 students which were 74.09 and 70.22. Based on these results, the experimental class 1 which applied the problem solving learning model was better at improving students' thinking skills than the experimental class 2 which applied a problem-based learning model. Hypothesis testing with the T-test at the 0.05 significance level yields a sig value. (2-tailed)> level of signicant which is 0.147> 0.05 so that Ho is accepted. Thus, it can be concluded that there is no significant difference between the critical thinking skills of the experimental class 1 students who apply PS models and experimental class 2 students who apply the PBL model.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah, Ridwan Sani. 2013. Inovasi Pembeajaran. Jakarta: Bumi aksara. ISBN: 978-602-217-399-1

Arifianingsih, Indah., Sri, Mulyani., dan Suryadi, Budi Utomo. 2015. Pengaruh Pembelajaran Problem Solving Berbantuan Tutor Sebaya Dan Team Assisted Individualization (TAI) Dengan Memperhatikan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Terhadap Prestasi Belajar Siswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Kimia (JPK). 4(4): 163-172

Belecina, Rene R., Jose M., Dan Ocampo, Jr. 2018. Effecting Change On Students’ Critical Thinking In Problem Solving. International Journal For Educational Studies. 10(2): 109-118

Bey, Anwar., dan Asriani. 2013. Penerapan Pembelajaran Problem Solving untuk Meningkatkan Aktivitas dan Hasil Belajar Matematika pada Materi SPLDV. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika. 4(2): 224-239

Dewi, Elok Kristina. 2015. Pengaruh Penggunaan Model Pembelajaran Problem Based Learning Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa Pada Mata Pelajaran PPKn Kelas X di SMA Negeri 22 Surabaya. Jurnal Kajian Moral dan Kewarganegaraan. 2(3): 936-950

Farisi, Ahmad., Abdul, Hamid., dan Melvina. 2017. Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Problem Based Learning Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Dalam Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Siswa Pada Konsep Suhu Dan Kalor. Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa (JIM) Pendidikan Fisika. 2(3): 284-287

Handayani, Ririn., dan Sigit, Priatmoko. 2013. Pengaruh Pembelajaran Problem Solving Berorientasi HOTS (Higher Order Thinking Skills) Terhadap Hasil Belajar Kimia Siswa Kelas X. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Kimia. 7(1): 1051-1062

Hidjrawan, Yusi., Ibnu, Khaldun dan Sri, Adelila Sari. 2016. Efektivitas Model Pembelajaran Problem Solving Terhadap Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Dan Hasil Belajar Peserta Didik Pada Materi Larutan. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Indonesia. 4(2):140-150

Irawati, Ratna Kartika. 2014. Pengaruh Model Problem Solving dan Problem Posing serta Kemampuan Awal terhadap Hasil Belajar Siswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains. 2(4): 184-192

Rusmina W., Rusmansyah., dan Arif S. 2014. Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis dan Hasil Belajar Siswa Kelas XI IPA 2 SMA PGRI 4 Banjarmasin pada Konsep Sistem Koloid Melalui Model Problem Based Learning. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Sains. 5(2): 20-31

Simamora, Rustam E., dan Dewi, Rotua Sidabutar. 2017. Penerapan Model Problem Based Learning (PBL) Untuk Meningkatkan Aktivitas Belajar Dan Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Matematika Siswa Di Kelas VII SMP Negeri 3 Medan. SEMNASTIKAUNIMED. ISBN:978-602-17980-9-6: 422-431

Sufairoh. 2016. Pendekatan Saintifik & Model Pembelajaran K-13. Jurnal Pendidikan Profesional. 5(3): 116-125

Wahyuni, Sri. 2015. Pengembangan Bahan Ajar IPA Untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa SMP. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Fisika dan Pendidikan Fisika (SNFPF) Ke-6, Bandung. 6(1): 300-305

Wiyanto, Agus B.S dan Supartono. 2012. Model Pembelajaran IPA Berbasis Masalah untuk Meningkatkan Motivasi Belajar dan Berpikir Kritis Siswa SMP. Unnes Science Education Journal. 1(1): 12-20


Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 0 times
 PDF Downloaded : 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Alotrop indexed by :

           

ALOTROP

Program Studi Pendidikan Kimia Gedung Dekanat FKIP UNIB Lantai 2
Jl WR Supratman Kandang Limun Bengkulu
Telp/Fax (0736) 21170
e-mail : alotrop.fkip@unib.ac.id

View My Stats