ANALISIS KAPASITAS ADSORPSI SILIKA DARI PASIR PANTAI PANJANG BENGKULU TERHADAP PEWARNA RHODAMINE B

Fitri Esa Madina(1), Rina Elvia(2), I Nyoman Candra(3),
(1) Universitas Bengkulu, Indonesia
(2) Universitas Bengkulu, Indonesia
(3) Universitas Bengkulu, Indonesia

Abstract


[ANALYSIS OF SILICA ADSORPTION CAPACITY FROM THE SAND OF PANTAI PANJANG BENGKULU  AGAINST RHODAMINE B DYES ] This research was aimed to study the adsorption capacity of synthetic silica on Rhodamine B dyes. Synthetic silica was obtained from the sand of Pantai Panjang  Bengkulu by alkali fusion method using KOH at  360 °C for 4 hours in furnace to obtain potassium silicate crystals (K2SiO3). The crystals were then added 500 mL aqua DM, stirred and sterilized for 24 hours folloed by filtered. The filtrate was dropped with 10 M HCl solution until the pH of filtrate solution reached at 1 to 2 and formed a silent white gel for 24 hours. Moreover,  the gel was filtered with filter paper and washed with aqua DM until pH is neutral and free from KCl, and dried in an oven at 60 °C for 18 hours. The obtained silica powder is then smoothed with mortar and weighed. The adsorbent of Rhodamine B dyes using the synthetic silica powder was performed on pH  variation at 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 , and  variation of contact time at 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, and 60 min. The results showed that the optimum  condition of adsorption of Rhodamine B by silica from Pantai Panjang sand occured at optimum pH   2 and optimum contact time  20 minutes; with adsorption capacity of 4.95 mg / g and 4.79 mg/g; and with adsorption efficiency of 99.00% and 95.89%.


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