KAPASITAS ADSORPSI ARANG AKTIF CANGKANG BINTARO (Cerbera odollam) TERHADAP ZAT WARNA SINTETIS REACTIVE RED-120 DAN REACTIVE BLUE-198

Siti Zaya Aisyahlika, M. Lutfi Firdaus, Rina Elvia

Abstract


The objective of this research was to utilize bintaro shell waste (Cerbera odollam). The morphology of bintaro shell is similar with coconut shell and the contains of lignin and cellulose is higher than coconut. Bintaro shell waste used as activated charcoal to remove environmental pollution caused by synthetic dyes waste of batik industry. The adsorbents were then applied to remove of Reactive Red-120 (RR) and Reactive Blue-198 (RB) dyes in aqueous solution using Visible Spectrophotometer analysis method. Bintaro shell was dried, cut and carbonized at 400°C for 1 hour, then activated with ZnCl2 20% for 24 hours at 27°C and dryed in oven at 105°C for 30 minutes. The activated charcoal of bintaro shell has proven afford to adsorbing RR and RB dyes. The optimum conditions (pH, contact time, adsorbent weight and temperature) were determined to obtain best adsorption capacity. The optimum of conditions for RR occured at pH 2, contact time of 40 minutes and adsorbent weight 100 mg while RB occurred at pH 11, contact time of 60 minutes and adsorbent weight 50 mg and with each the temperature 30°C. At optimum conditions the adsorption isotherm followed Freundlich model with maximum adsorption capacity obtained for RR and RB were 332.6 and 243.9 mg/g, respectively.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Sri Utami, Lailan Syaufina, Noor Farikhah Haneda .,Daya Racun Ekstrak Kasar Daun Bintaro (Cerbera odollam Gaertn.) Terhadap Larva S Podoptera litura Fabricus , Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 2010 : 15(2): 96-100 .

Handoko, T., Suhandjaja, G., dan Muljana, H. Hidrolisis Serat Selulosa dalam Buah Bintaro Sebagai Sumber Bahan Baku Bioetanol. Teknik Kimia Indonesia. 2012 : 11 (1) : 26-33.

Rienstra M., Bonten M.J.M., dan Gaillard C.A.J.M. Ceftriaxone-Associated Biliary Pseudolithiasis. The Journal Of Medicine. 2009: 67 (3) : 113-114.

Soesanthy, F., Gusti, I., dan Balittri. Bintaro (Cerbera manghas) Sebagai Pestisida Nabati. Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri. 2011 : 17 (1) : 7-9.

Bosalina, T. T., Etty R., dan Sri S. Pengaruh Aktivasi Fisika dan Kimia Arang Aktif Buah Bintaro Terhadap Daya Serap Logam Berat Krom. Biopropal Industri. 2016 : 7 (1) : 35-45.

Suryani, I., M. Yusuf P.U., dan M. Hatta D. Pembuatan Briket Arang Dari Campuran Buah Bintaro dan Tempurung Kelapa Menggunakan Perekat Amilum. JurnalTeknik Kimia Fakultas Teknik Universitas Sriwijaya. 2012 : 18 (1) : 24-29

Haniffudin Nurdiansah dan Diah Susanti Pengaruh Variasi Temperatur Karbonisasi dan Temperatur Aktivasi Fisika dari Elektroda Karbon Aktif Tempurung Kelapa dan Tempurung Kluwak Terhadap Nilai Kapasitansi Electric Double Layer Capacitor(EDLC)Jurnal Teknik POMITS , 2013: 2 (1) : F13-F18

Hamdaoui, O dan Mahdi C. Removal of Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solutions by Wheat Bran. Acta Chim. 2006 : 54 (1) : 407-418

Suarsa, I.W.,Suarya, P., dan Kurniawati, I. Optimasi Jenis Pelarut dalam Ekstraksi Zat Warna Alam Dari Batang Pisang Kepok (Musa paradiasiaca L. cv kepok ) dan Batang Pisang Susu ( Musa paradiasiaca L. cv susu). Journal of Chemistry. 2011 : 5(1): 72-80

Firdaus, M.L., Krisnanto, N., Alwi, W., Muhammad, R., dan Serunting, M.A. Adsorption of Textile Dye by Activated Carbon Made from Rice Straw and Palm Oil Midrib. Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology. 2017 : 7(1): 1-7

Sastrawidana, I.D.K., Bibiana, W.L., Anas M. F., dan Dwi A.S. Pengolahan Limbah Tekstil Sistem Kombinasi Anaerobik-Aerobik Menggunakan Biofilm Bakteri Konsorsium Dari Lumpur Limbah Tekstil. Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan. 2012 : 3 (2) : 55-60

Sari, R.A. M. Lutfi Firdaus., Rina Elvia. Penentuan Kesetimbangan, Termodinamika dan Kinetika Adsorpsi Arang Aktif Tempurung Kelapa Sawit Pada Zat Warna Reactive Red dan Direct Blue. Alotrop. 2017: 1 (1) : 10-14

Syauqiah I., Mayang A., dan Hetty A.K. Analisis Variasi Waktu Kontak dan Kecepatan Pengaduk Pada Proses Adsorpsi Limbah Logam Berat dengan Arang Aktif. Info Teknik. 2011 : 12 (1) : 11-20.

Puspita M., M. Lutfi Firdaus, Nurhamidah., Pemanfaatan Arang Aktif Sabut Kelapa Sawit Sebagai Adsorben Zat Warna Sintetis Reactive Red-120 dan Direct Green-26. Alotrop. 2017 : 1 (1) : 75.79.

Madina, F.E, Rina Elvia, I Nyoman Chandra, . Analisis Kapasitas Adsorpsi Silika dari Pasir Pantai Panjang Bengkulu Terhadap Pewarna Rhodamine B. Alotrop , 2017, 1(2): 98-101

Apriyanti, H., I Nyoman Candra, Elvinawati , Karakterisasi Isoterm Adsorpsi Dari Ion Logam Besi (Fe) Pada Tanah Di Kota Bengkulu, Alotrop, 2018: 2(1): 14-19.

Dermirbas, A. Pyrolysis of Ground Beech Wood in Irregular Heating Rate Conditions. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis.2005 : 73 (1): 39-43.

Sakkayawong N., Thiravetyan P., dan Nakbanpote W. Adsorption Mechanism of Synthetic Dye Wastewater By Chitosan. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. 2005 : 286 (1) : 36-42.

Kamal N. Pemakaian Adsorben Karbon Aktif Dalam Pengolahan Limbah Industri Batik. Jurnal Teknolologi Fakultas Teknik Universitas Pakuan. 2014 : 2 (1) : 77-80.

Tabak, A. Baltas N, Afsin, B, Emirik, M, Caglar, B, dan Eren, E. Adsorption of Reactive Red 120 from Aqueous Solutionsby Cetylpiradinium-Bentonit. JournalChemistry Technology Biotechnology. 2010 : 85 (1) : 1199-1207.

Nurafriyanti, Nopi, S. P., dan Isna S. Pengaruh Variasi pH dan Berat Adsorben dalam Pengurangan Konsentrasi Cr Total ada Limbah Artifisial Menggunakan Adsorben Ampas Daun Teh. Teknik Lingkungan. 2017 : 3 (1) : 56-65.

Lyubchik, S. 2000. Comparison of TheThermodynamic Parameters Estimation for The Adsorpstion Process of The Metals from Liquid Phase on Activated Carbon. Portugal:Intech. ISBN: 978-953-307-563-1

Beroeh, K. 2004. Pengaruh Suhu Karbonisasi terhadap Daya Serap Karbon Aktif dengan Aktivator ZnCl2 dari Serbuk Gergaji Kayu Jati. Jurnal Teknik Kimia UMJ.

Atkins, P.W. 1999. Kimia Fisika Jilid 1 EdisiKeempat. Jakarta : Erlangga. ISBN : 979-411-381-6.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Alotrop indexed by :

              

ALOTROP

Program Studi Pendidikan Kimia Gedung Dekanat FKIP UNIB Lantai 2
Jl WR Supratman Kandang Limun Bengkulu
Telp/Fax (0736) 21170
e-mail : alotrop.fkip@unib.ac.id

View My Stats