KEBERADAAN DESMANTHUS VIRGATUS (FABACEAE) MELIAR DI PULAU JAWA

Arieh Mountara(1), Arifin Surya Dwipa Irsyam(2), Muhammad Rifqi Hariri(3), Zakaria Al Anshori(4), Dini Andari(5),
(1) Departemen Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Dramaga, Bogor, Indonesia
(2) Herbarium Bandungense (FIPIA), Sekolah Ilmu dan Teknologi Hayati (SITH), Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia
(3) Pusat Penelitian Konservasi Tumbuhan dan Kebun Raya, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia, Indonesia
(4) Laboratorium Ekologi Hutan, Departemen Silvikultur, Fakultas Kehutanan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Indonesia
(5) Indonesian Genetic and Biodiversity Community (IGBC), Indonesia

Abstract


Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd. is an alien plant from Tropical America and reported present in Dutch East Indies in 1855. Nonetheless, the existence of its wild population is yet to be known, which caused by lack of record in Flora of Java vol. I. Hence the research conducted to report the existence of Desmanthus virgatus in Java. The research also conducted as a part of Alien Flora of Java compilation project. Field observation conducted in West Java (Bekasi, Bogor, Sumedang) and Central Java (Batang) by using the explorative method. Observation results showed the existence of Desmanthus virgatus wild population in Bekasi, Sumedang, and Batang. Therefore, the species can be stated as a new record of alien species for Flora of Java. Desmanthus virgatus presumably already escaped from cultivation and able to form its wild population in the nature.


Keywords


Alien species; Desmanthus; Fabaceae; Java; Legume

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33369/hayati.v17i1.12813

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Jl. W.R. Supratman, Kandang Limun, Kec. Muara Bangka Hulu, Kota Bengkulu, Bengkulu 38119. FMIPA, Universitas Bengkulu

email : konservasihayati@unib.ac.id