Main Article Content


The level of VO2 max has significance in relation to both physical activity and health. Nevertheless, it should be noted that there has been a lack of VO2Max tests conducted on convicted children at LPKA Class II Bengkulu. Therefore, this study aims to determine the VO2 max level among convicted children at LPKA Class II Bengkulu. This study used a quantitative descriptive approach to examine a sample of 91 children between the aged of 14 and 19 years. The VO2 max level test uses a multi-stage fitness test. The analysis of the research data involved the utilization of descriptive quantitative percentages, which were employed to compare the category tables. The study's findings indicated that a proportion of 1.1% exhibited VO2 max levels falling within the lower group, while a substantial majority of 98.90% showed VO2 max levels falling within the significantly lower category. Based on the study results, it was concluded that convicted children at LPKA Class II Bengkulu exhibited VO2Max levels that fell within the extremely bad range. Based on the findings of this study, LPKA supervisors should devise and execute a physical coaching regimen to enhance the VO2 max levels among convicted children.


Convicted Children LPKA Vo2max

Article Details

How to Cite
Nopiyanto , Y. E., Aguspa Dita, D. A., Dian Pujianto, Mas’ullah Andriyani, Fiona Sarah Musfita, & Zahra Putri Amelia. (2023). VO2Max Level of Convicted Students at Special Prisons for Child Development Institution (LPKA) Class II Bengkulu. Kinestetik : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Jasmani, 7(4), 2015–2024.


  1. Abut, F., & Akay, M. F. (2015). Machine learning and statistical methods for the prediction of maximal oxygen uptake: recent advances. Medical Devices: Evidence and Research, 369-379. 10.2147/MDER.S57281
  2. Achmad, H., Arsyad, A., Putra, A. P., Sukmana, B. I., Adiputro, D. L., & Kasab, J. (2020). Differences in VO2Max Based on Age, Gender, Hemoglobin Levels, and Leukocyte Counts in Hajj Prospective Pilgrims in Hulu Sungai Tengah Regency, South Kalimantan. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11(4).
  3. Adelia, K., Komala, R., Muharramah, A., & Ayu, R. N. S. (2022). Correlation between nutritional status and physical activity Vo2max at employees of Aisyah University of Pringsewu in 2021. Darussalam Nutrition Journal, 6(1), 19-28.
  4. Andersen, M. P., Mortensen, R. N., Vardinghus‐Nielsen, H., Franch, J., Torp‐Pedersen, C., & Bøggild, H. (2016). Association between physical fitness and academic achievement in a cohort of Danish school pupils. Journal of School Health, 86(9), 686-695.
  5. Adipradana, N., Adipradipto, E., & Windayani, T. (2019). Pelaksanaan Pemenuhan Hak Narapidana Anak Di Lembaga Pembinaan Khusus Anak Kelas Ia Tangerang. Jurnal Perkotaan, 11(1), 83-100.
  6. Bays, H. E., Gonsahn-Bollie, S., Younglove, C., & Wharton, S. (2022). Obesity pillars roundtable: body mass index and body composition in black and female individuals. Race-relevant or racist? Sex-relevant or sexist?. Obesity Pillars, 4, 100044.
  7. Budijanto, O. W. (2017). Pemenuhan Hak Pendidikan Bagi Anak Didik Pemasyarakatan Di Lembaga Pembinaan Khusus Anak the Fulfillment on the Right to Education for Juvenile Criminals in the Juvenile Special Correction Facility. Jurnal ilmiah kebijakan hukum, 7(1), 62-72.
  8. Bull, F. C., Al-Ansari, S. S., Biddle, S., Borodulin, K., Buman, M. P., Cardon, G., ... & Willumsen, J. F. (2020). World Health Organization 2020 guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behavior. British journal of sports medicine, 54(24), 1451-1462. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2020-102955
  9. Candra, E. (2020). Implementasi Kewajiban Pembinaan Terhadap Pidana Anak Di Lembaga Pembinaan Khusus Anak Pekanbaru Berdasarkan Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 11 Tahun 2012 Tentang Sistem Peradilan Pidana Anak. Widya Yuridika, 3(2), 343.
  10. Che Muhamed, A. M., Atkins, K., Stannard, S. R., Mündel, T., & Thompson, M. W. (2016). The effects of a systematic increase in relative humidity on thermoregulatory and circulatory responses during prolonged running exercise in the heat. Temperature, 3(3), 455-464.
  11. Cooper, S. M., Baker, J. S., Tong, R. J., Roberts, E., & Hanford, M. (2005). The repeatability and criterion related validity of the 20 m multistage fitness test as a predictor of maximal oxygen uptake in active young men. British journal of sports medicine, 39(4), e19-e19.
  12. Edvardsen, E., Hem, E., & Anderssen, S. A. (2014). End criteria for reaching maximal oxygen uptake must be strict and adjusted to sex and age: a cross-sectional study. PloS one, 9(1), e85276.
  13. Fenanlampir, A., & Faruq, M. M. (2015). Tes dan pengukuran dalam olahraga. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Andi.
  14. Gu, X., Chang, M., & Solmon, M. A. (2016). Physical activity, physical fitness, and health-related quality of life in school-aged children. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 35(2), 117-126.
  15. Hapsari, I., Soponyono, E., & Sularto, R. B. (2016). Kebijakan Hukum Pidana Dalam Upaya Penanggulangan Tindak Pidana Narkotika Pelaku Anak. Diponegoro Law Journal, 5(3), 1-14.
  16. Juliana, R., & Arifin, R. (2019). Anak dan kejahatan (faktor penyebab dan perlindungan hukum). Jurnal Selat, 6(2), 225-234.
  17. Kandel, B. (2020). Qualitative Versus Quantitative Research. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 32(5), 658.
  18. Khan, H., Kunutsor, S., Rauramaa, R., Savonen, K., Kalogeropoulos, A. P., Georgiopoulos, V. V., ... & Laukkanen, J. A. (2014). Cardiorespiratory fitness and risk of heart failure: a population‐based follow‐up study. European journal of heart failure, 16(2), 180-188.
  19. Kim, C. H., Wheatley, C. M., Behnia, M., & Johnson, B. D. (2016). The effect of aging on relationships between lean body mass and VO2max in rowers. PloS one, 11(8), e0160275.
  20. Lantang, I. S., Yulia, R., & Prakarsa, A. (2021). Victimological Review of Psychological Fulfillment Towards Correctional Students at The Class I of Juvenile Rehabilitation Institute in Tangerang City. International Journal of Social Sciences Review, 2(1), 31-43.
  21. Ludyga, S., Gerber, M., Brand, S., Holsboer‐Trachsler, E., & Pühse, U. (2016). Acute effects of moderate aerobic exercise on specific aspects of executive function in different age and fitness groups: A meta‐analysis. Psychophysiology, 53(11), 1611-1626.
  22. Mackenzie, B. (2005). Performance evaluation tests. London: Electric World plc, 24(25), 57-158.
  23. Menang, M. B., Dohbobga, M. N. D., Mibo’o, P., Chu, A. M., Ngwa, E. S., Dobgima, J. F., & Ndifor, M. (2023). The Effect of Nutritional Status on the Physical Aptitude of School Children in Urban and Rural Areas of the Center Region of Cameroon. Web of Semantic: Universal Journal on Innovative Education, 2(7), 63-71. Retrieved from
  24. Milanović, Z., Pantelić, S., Sporiš, G., Mohr, M., & Krustrup, P. (2015). Health-related physical fitness in healthy untrained men: effects on VO2max, jump performance and flexibility of soccer and moderate-intensity continuous running. PloS one, 10(8), e0135319.
  25. Paradisis, G. P., Zacharogiannis, E., Mandila, D., Smirtiotou, A., Argeitaki, P., & Cooke, C. B. (2014). Multi-stage 20-m shuttle run fitness test, maximal oxygen uptake and velocity at maximal oxygen uptake. Journal of human kinetics, 41, 81. 10.2478/hukin-2014-0035
  26. Pivovarov, J. A., Taplin, C. E., & Riddell, M. C. (2015). Current perspectives on physical activity and exercise for youth with diabetes. Pediatric diabetes, 16(4), 242-255.
  27. Pramana, A. S., & Subroto, M. (2021). Pemenuhan Hak Pendidikan Keolahragaan Bagi Anak yang Berkonflik dengan Hukum di Lembaga Pembinaan Khusus Anak Tangerang. Sultan Jurisprudence: Jurnal Riset Ilmu Hukum, 1(2).
  28. Prasetyo, A. (2020). Perlindungan hukum bagi anak pelaku tindak pidana. Mizan: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, 9(1), 51-60.
  29. Roy, J. L., Hunter, G. R., Fernandez, J. R., McCarthy, J. P., Larson‐Meyer, D. E., Blaudeau, T. E., & Newcomer, B. R. (2006). Cardiovascular factors explain genetic background differences in VO2max. American Journal of Human Biology: The Official Journal of the Human Biology Association, 18(4), 454-460.
  30. Sapika, S., Jalil, R., Ulpi, W., & Hakim, N. (2023). Age 6-9 Years: Nutritional Status on Children's Physical Fitness. JUARA: Jurnal Olahraga, 8(1), 52-62.
  31. Shi, S., Huang, H., Zheng, R., Zhang, N., Dai, W., Liang, J., & Dai, Y. (2022). Can long-term regular physical activity improve health outcomes among adults with asthma—evidence from a systematic review and Bayesian meta-analysis. Annals of Translational Medicine, 10(6). 10.21037/atm-22-1170
  32. Shin, J. Y., & Ha, C. H. (2016). Relationships between blood pressure and health and fitness-related variables in obese women. Journal of physical therapy science, 28(10), 2933-2937.
  33. Sofyan, I., & Gunardi, K. (2020). Implementasi pendidikan formal bagi anak yang berkonflik dengan hukum di Lembaga Pembinaan Khusus Anak Kelas II Bandung. Jurnal Socius: Journal of Sociology Research and Education, 7(1), 23-36.
  34. Susanto, A., Silistiono., & Harmono, S. (2022). Application of Bio Energy Power for Improvement VO2Max in Class 1 A Prison Residents in Malang City.Journal of Health Education Recreation, 8(1), 146-152.
  35. van Baak, M. A., Pramono, A., Battista, F., Beaulieu, K., Blundell, J. E., Busetto, L., ... & Oppert, J. M. (2021). Effect of different types of regular exercise on physical fitness in adults with overweight or obesity: Systematic review and meta‐analyses. Obesity Reviews, 22, e13239.
  36. Williams, C. J., Williams, M. G., Eynon, N., Ashton, K. J., Little, J. P., Wisloff, U., & Coombes, J. S. (2017). Genes to predict VO2max trainability: a systematic review. BMC genomics, 18(8), 81-110.
  37. Yustitianingtyas, F. D. N. L. (2020). Pelaksanaan Hak Pendidikan Anak Di LPKA Ditinjau Dari Undang Undang Nomor 35 Tahun 2014 Tentang Perlindungan Anak. Universitas Wijaya Kusuma, 22(2), 119–125.
  38. Zaqout, M., Vandekerckhove, K., Michels, N., Bove, T., François, K., & De Wolf, D. (2017). Physical fitness and metabolic syndrome in children with repaired congenital heart disease compared with healthy children. The Journal of pediatrics, 191, 125-132.