LANGUAGE LEARNING STRATEGIES USED BY SUCCESSFUL STUDENTS OF THE ENGLISH EDUCATION STUDY PROGRAM AT UNIVERSITY OF BENGKULU

Purnama Yulian Sari(1), Dedi Sofyan(2), Gita Mutiara Hati(3),
(1) , 
(2) , 
(3) , 

Abstract


This research is aimed at finding the language learning strategy used by successful students that is categorized into six kinds of strategies; memory, cognitive, metacognitive, affective, compensation, and social strategy suggested by Oxford (1990). The population of the research are students of English study program University Bengkulu year 2014 and 2015 that have GPA 3.51 to 4.00. Methodology of this research is descriptive quantitative. Data were collected by using questionnaires as the instruments. The questionnaires consist of 50 items based on Oxford’s Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL) version 7.0 about language learning strategy. The data were processed by using Microsoft Excel 2013 to find the most dominant strategy used by the students. The results showed that the successful students use more than one language learning strategy or mixed strategy, including memory, cognitive, metacognitive, affective, compensation, and social strategy. The dominant strategy used by successful students was metacognitive with mean score 3.94 followed by compensation (3.81), cognitive (3.59), social (3.43), memory (3.31), and affective strategy (3.30). Metacognitive strategies have positive and significant influence toward academic achievement on successful students in learning a language. Metacognitive strategies can help the students to develop good thinking management ability. It also create good academic achievement. In the other hand, the choice of lowest strategy seems to be affected by technology advances, curriculum, feelings, mood, and attitude of the students which is unpredictable.


Keywords


language learning strategy, successful students

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arikunto, S. (2006). Prosedur Penelitian: Suatu Pendekatan Praktik. Jakarta. Rineka Cipta.

Cohen, A. D. (1998). Strategies in learning and using a second language. Harlow, Essex: Longman.

Coutinho, S.A. (2007). The Relationship between Goals Metacognition and Academic Success. [Online], from: http://www.educatejournal.org

Geramia, M. H. & Baighloub, S. M. G. (2011). Language Learning Strategies Used by Successful and Unsuccessful Iranian EFL Students. Iran. Elsevier Ltd.

Johnson, R. B., & Christensen, L. B. (2004). Educational Research: Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Approach. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Lestari, N. O. (2015). Language Learning Strategies of English Education Department of FITK. Jakarta. UIN Jakarta.

Liu, Dongyue. (2004) “EFL Proficiency, Gender and Language Learning Strategy Use Among a Group of Chinese Technological Institute English Majors.” Annual Review of Education, Communication and Language Sciences, Volume 1.

Livingston, J.A. (1997). Metacognition: An Overview. [Online], from: https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED474273

Mullins, P., (1992). Successful English Language Learning Strategies of Studets Enroll in the Faculty of Arts, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailandd. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, United States International University, San Diego, CA.

Oxford, R. L. (1990 p.8). Language learning strategies: What every teacher should know. New York: Newbury House.

Oxford, R. L., & Cohen, A. D. (1992). Language learning strategies: Crucial issues of concepts and classi?cation. Applied Language Learning, 3(1–2), 1–35.

Oxford, R. L., & Judith Burry-Stock (1995). Assessing the use of language learning strategies worldwide with the ESL/EFL version of the Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL), System, 25/1, 1-23

Sinaga, N. I. (2012). Strategi Pembelajaran Afektif. Retrieved on July 16th 2018. From: http://indrianynovitasinaga.blogspot.com




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33369/jeet.2.4.68-75

Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 0 times
 PDF Downloaded : 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of English Education and Teaching (JEET) is Indexed in

      

Creative Commons LicenseJournal of English Education and Teaching is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.