Idha Nurhamidah(1), Sugeng Purwanto(2), Diyah Fitri Wulandari(3),
(1) Universitas Islam Sultan Agung, Indonesia
(2) Universitas Stikubank, Indonesia
(3) Universitas Islam Sultan Agung, Indonesia


The current study investigated a song lyric entitled “Lily” in terms of its generic structure to come up with the rhetorical strategies—how satanic tricks influence people through human greed. Lily belongs to a lyric considered a narrative poem. It is theorized that a narrative poem is a poem or possibly a lyric which consists of orientation, complication and resolution. In other words, a lyric is structured as such to produce rhetorical strategies (goals) which were analyzed employing Aristotle’s ethos, logos and pathos.  Meanwhile, in the complication analysis of Lily, not only did the study employ psychological theory but was also supported by social contexts to describe how satanic tricks were made use through human greed engineering in achieving the goal of negative thoughts generating. The findings indicate that human minds are in fact guided by both angels and satans. Angels guide any individual (Lily) to stay in track of the positive values while Satan whispers tricks to divert from the positive path toward the negative values by means of human greed. To confirm the findings, a survey was administered to 90 purposefully-selected teenagers in Semarang Municipality only to find that “Lily“ song lyrics failed to give any answer to the question whether or not she (Lily) can be saved despite her frequent calls for help.


narrative lyrics, generic structure, rhetorical strategies, psychoanalysis, social contexts

Full Text:



Abbott, H. P. (2020). The Cambridge introduction to narrative. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge introduction to narrative&lr&hl=id&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q=The Cambridge introduction to narrative&f=false

Agustya, K. A., Utomo, U., & Triyanto, T. (2020). Religious Messages in Rapa’i Tuha Aceh Song Lyrics. Catharsis, 9(1), 65–69.

Alvarez, R. M., & Brehm, J. (2020). Hard choices, easy answers: Values, information, and American public opinion (1st ed.). Princeton University Press. choices%2C easy answers%3A Values%2C information%2C and American public opinion&lr&hl=id&pg=PT4#v=onepage&q=editor&f=false

Bowers, K. (2020). Plotting the ending: generic expectation and the uncanny epilogue of Crime and Punishment. Canadian Slavonic Papers, 1–14. CrossMark LogoCrossMark

Brown, W. (2020). States of injury: Power and freedom in late modernity (1st ed.). Princeton University Press. States of injury%3A Power and freedom in late modernity&lr&hl=id&pg=PR4#v=onepage&q=Brown States of injury: Power and freedom in late modernity&f=false

Brunson, B. (2020). “Jes Go Back to de Fiel a Singin”: The Spiritual as a Vehicle of Resistance in the Antebellum South. Global Africana, 4, 3–16.

Fatmawati, N., Amin, M., & Nawawi, N. (2020). Communication Science Studies–Spoken Discourse Analysis Verbal Rhetoric and Leadership Style: A Comparative Study of Tun Dr. Mahathir Bin Mohamad and Dato’Sri Mohd Najib Tun Abdul Razak. 1st Annual Conference on Education and Social Sciences (ACCESS 2019), 274–278.

Göbel, C. (2018). Frankfurt and Beyond: Hierarchical Readings of Anselm’s Analysis of Moral Choice with a New Test Case for his Concept of Freedom. Saint Anselm Journal, 14(1), 33–91.

Grant, A. J. (2019). Ethos, Pathos and Logos: Rhetorical Fixes for an Old Problem: Fake News. InSITE 2019: Informing Science+ IT Education Conferences: Jerusalem, 81–91.

Herdi, H. (2020). Fourth Semester Students’ Reading Comprehension Ability in Narrative Text Using Online Sources of FKIP Unilak. ELT-Lectura, 7(2), 160–175.

Hewitt, B. (2020). Shelley and the death drive: Romanticism, politics, psychoanalysis. Textual Practice, 1–18.

Hopkins, J. A. F. (2020). The Universal Deep Structure of Modern Poetry (1st ed.). Cambridge Scholars Publishing. Universal Deep Structure of Modern Poetry&lr&hl=id&pg=PR7#v=onepage&q=The Universal Deep Structure of Modern Poetry&f=false

Iwamoto, N. (2007). Stylistic and linguistic analysis of a literary text using systemic functional grammar. Departmental Bulletin Paper, 162, 61–96.

Koilara, M., Tambunan, F. S., Hutabarat, D. R., & Tarigan, S. N. (2020). Students’ Difficulties in Writing Narrative Text. ENGLISH JOURNAL OF INDRAGIRI, 4(1), 157–167.

Mabuan, R. A. (2017). A contrastive rhetorical analysis of Philippine and Sri Lankan English news commentaries. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 6(2), 330–340.

Marheni, K. S., Kumbara, A. A. N. A., Wiasti, N. M., & Liando, M. R. (2020). Ideology behind character value discourse in a balinese pop song. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture, 6(1), 42–50.

Milchman, M. S., Geffner, R., & Meier, J. S. (2020). Ideology and rhetoric replace science and reason in some parental alienation literature and advocacy: A critique. Family Court Review, 58(2), 340–361.

Nurhamidah, I., & Purwanto, S. (2020). Pride’s “This Bed’s Not Big Enough”: Struggle for marital true love. Journal on English as a Foreign Language, 10(1), 103–119.

Nurhamidah, I., Purwanto, S., & Rustipa, K. (2020). Eco-Psychological Analysis of Bimbo’s Belalang Song Lyric: a Discourse Perspective. International Journal of Humanity Studies (IJHS), 4(1), 48–57.

Pratiwi, A. N. (2020). The Use English Song to Improve Students’pronunciations at Smp Negeri 2 Gatak Sukoharjo. Buletin Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran, 2(1), 29–34.

Radebe, L., Krige, D., Reid, M., & Nel, M. (2020). The use of traditional folk media to convey diabetes mellitus messages at public health care services. Communitas, 25, 1–16.

Rohmatin, B. R. A. (2020). The Effectiveness of Using English Songs to Improve Students’ Vocabulary: An Experimental Study at The Eleventh Grade Students of SMAN 1 Sukamulia in Academic Year 2019/2020. UNIVERSITY OF MATARAM.

Rushton, J. P., Bons, T. A., & Hur, Y.-M. (2008). The genetics and evolution of the general factor of personality. Journal of Research in Personality, 42(5), 1173–1185.

Sierro, J., Sierro, J., & Slabbekoorn, H. (2020). Experimental test of the communicative value of syllable diversity and syllable switching in the common chiffchaff. Animal Behaviour, 165, 11–21.

Sinaga, M. (2020). An Ecolinguistics Analysis of Indonesian Pop Music Lyrics on Environment: A Review of Two Nature Songs. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1655(1), 12129.

Singh, K., Sigroha, S., Singh, D., & Shokeen, B. (2017). Religious and spiritual messages in folk songs: a study of women from rural India. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 20(5), 464–477.

Stucki, I., & Sager, F. (2018). Aristotelian framing: logos, ethos, pathos and the use of evidence in policy frames. Policy Sciences, 51(3), 373–385.

Supadmi, N., Sudipa, N., Budiarsa, M., & Laksana, I. K. D. (2020). The Ideology of Narrative Text “I Lacur.” The International Journal of Social Sciences World (TIJOSSW), 2(2), 161–168.

Suprapto, S., & Kurniawan, R. (2020). Improving Indonesian Students’Rhetorical Skills through Suggestopedia. JOALL (Journal of Applied Linguistics & Literature), 5(1), 102–108.

Telaumbanua, T. (2020). Students’ Difficulties in Writing Narrative Text at the Ninth Grade Students of Smp Swasta Kristen BNKP Telukdalam. Jurnal Education and Development, 8(1), 464.

Toivanen, J., Toivonen, H., & Valitutti, A. (2013). Automatical composition of lyrical songs. The Fourth International Conference on Computational Creativity, 87–91.

van Reijmersdal, E. A., & van Dam, S. (2020). How age and disclosures of sponsored influencer videos affect adolescents’ knowledge of persuasion and persuasion. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 1–14.

Wijaya, V., & Zein, T. T. (2020). Visual and Verbal in Line Messenger Application: a Semiotic Study. JOALL (Journal of Applied Linguistics and Literature), 5(2), 213–222.

Xiong, H., & Xie, B. (2020). Schoolbag as a Mirror: The Transformation of Chinese Children’s Schooling Experiences in Songs over the Past 70 Years. Frontiers of Education in China, 15(3), 505–525.


Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 0 times
 PDF Downloaded : 0 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Idha Nurhamidah, Sugeng Purwanto, Diyah Fitri Wulandari

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

JOALL is indexed on:


Creative Commons License
JOALL (Journal of Applied Linguistics and Literature. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.