THE PATTERN OF TOPIC CHANGE IN INDONESIAN AND SINGAPOREAN CONVERSATION

Ulfa Putri Andalasia, Azwandi Azwandi, Irma Diani

Abstract


This research was analyze and discuss the pattern in conversation. Applied pattern of conversation is unpredictable, it is drawn the section and topics which used by participants. The objectives are drawn pattern of topic change, find out clues and describe aspect that influenced pattern of topic change in conversation. The method of this research was qualitative research, the data collected by recording and transcribing. The participants are Singaporean and Indonesian, the data are conversation both director and secretary. Data analyzed through ethnography methodology in communication and conversation analysis. Weather, this condition was quite different to the theory. First is pattern of topic change in formal conversation quite different to the previous study and theory. There found important section in each topic. This conclusion where has not explained before. Second is aspect influencing pattern of topic change are dominant participants, context, relation and time. The emphasis findings are there found several differences of pattern in topic change at the formal context. The important aspect is dominant participants. It was controlling of the conversation also take role in topic change. These results may affect by the background knowledge of the participants and the context of the conversation.

Keywords:

Topic changes, pattern in conversation and aspect influencing topic change


Full Text:

PDF

References


REFERENCES

Ambler,S,W.1998. An Introduction to process Patterns. Cambridge : Cambridge University. SIGS Books.

Akmaliyah,S.2010. Conversation Analysis of Asian EFL learners. Banda Aceh : State Islamic University of Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh.

Anthony J. Liddicoat.2007.An Introduction to Conversation Analysis Continuum. The Tower Building. New York.

Alexander,C. 1979. The timeless Way of Building. London : New York. Oxford University.

Ambler,S,W. 1998. An Introduction to process Patterns. SIGS Books. Cambridge University.

Arnott, A. Woodburn, R. Newell, F. 1987. A Study of Conversational Turn-Taking in Communication Aid for the Disable. Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Scotland University of Dundee.

Burke, P. 1993.The Art of Conversation. London : New York. Oxford University.

Bowman,M. 1994. The Scottish Council for Research in education. Dublin Street, Edinburgh.

Brennan, S.E.2010. Conversation and dialogue to appear. London : New York. Oxford University. SAGE Publications.

Brengstrom,T.Karahalios,K.2009. Conversation Cluster:Grouping Conversation Topics Human – Computer Dialogue. Boston, USA. SAGE Publications.

Brington,B. Fujiki, M. 1989. Social Skills of Children With Specific Language Impairment., Provo, Brigham Young University.

Crews, F. 1980. Distinguishing Between Subject Area, Topic and Thesis. The Random House Handbook, United States.

Cresswell,J,W. 1994. Research Design: Qualitative and quantitative approaches Thousand Oaks. CA: SAGE Publications.

Coplien,J,O. 1995. A Generative Development-Proccess Pattern Language Pattern Language of Program Design. London : New York. Oxford University. SAGE Publications.

Cohen,L.Manion,L.Marrison,K.2000. Research Method in Education. London: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Claude,S. 2003. Communication Magazine. Journal of Communication Society. 10 (7) 123-126.

Clarck,H,H.2001.Conversation analysis: Linguistic Aspect. Journal of International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavior Science. 08 (7), 2744-2747.

Cleary, A, D. 2017. A Systematic Definition of Sentence Topic. Urbana-Champaign University of Illinois

D, Hugh. P, Paul. 2009. What is conversation, and how can we design for it. Journal of Communication. 16 (4) 22-28. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1551986.1551991.

David L. Altheide .1987. Ethnographic Content Analysis. Arizona State University.

Doganay, U. andKeskin, F. (2008). A study on the interpersonal communication education in Turkey.Culture and Communication, 11(1), 9-32.

Ernelawati. 1996. A Study of Topic Shift in Conversations Among Australian and Indonesian. Riau : Universitas Riau.

Flowerdew, W. 2013. Discourse in English Language Education. Routledge 2 Park Square. USA .

Ford, J. D. Ford, L. W. 1995. The Role of Conversations in Producing Intentional Change in Organizations, New York: Barron’s Educational Series, Inc.

Glaser, B, G. Strauss, A, L. 1967. The discovery of grounded theory: Strategies for qualitative research. Chicago: Aldine.

Geertz, C. 1976. From the natives point of view: on the nature of anthropological understanding, in K. Basso and H. Selby (eds), Meaning in Anthropology, Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press,14 (8) 221-238.

H, Sharlene and L, Patricia. 2005. Emergent Methods in Social Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Hurting,R.1977. Toward Functional Theory of a discourse. Norwood NJ Ablex Publishing.

Hymes, Dell. 1974. Foundations of Sociolinguistics: An Ethnographic Approach. Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P.

John Dudovskiy. 2017. Necessary knowledge to conduct a business research. Journal of Business and Language.15(2) 123-126.

(http://research-methodology.net/about-us/, diakses 06 Agustus 2017).

Jones, R, H. 2010. Discourse Analysis. Transaction Publishers. Mehrabian.

Kathleen, B.Barnett,A.2005. Creating Meaning in Organizational Change: A Case in Higher Education. University of Louisiana South Carolina. California.

Kajorboon,A,B. 2006. Using Interview as Research Instrument. Language Institude, Chulalongkorn university.

Kuswarno. Engkus. 2008. Etnografi Komunikasi: Suatu Pengantar dan Contoh Penelitian Bandung. Widya Padjajaran.

Liddicoat,A,J.2007. An Introduction to Conversation Analysis. London, New York: British Library Press.

Listiani,A. 2008. An Analysis of Conversational Implicature in Pariah Movie. Yogyakarta, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

Morgan,A. 2010. Discourse Analysis: An Overview for the Neophyte Research. Journal of Health and Social Care Improvement, University of Wolverhampton, 1(7),147-148.

Mazur,A.Catalado,M. 1989. Dominance and Difference in Conversation.Journal of Linguistic in Society. 12 (7), 88 – 99.

Mehrablan, A. 1972. Nonverbal communication. Chicago, University of California, Los Angeles. A

Philipsen, Gerry. 2009 “Researching Culture in Contexts of Social Interaction: An Ethnographic Approach, a Network of Scholars, Illustrative Moves,” in Donal Carbaugh and Patrice M.Buzzanell (Eds.), Distinctive Qualities in Communication Research 87-105.New York, Routledge.

Prosci. 2014. Change vs Chnage Management. Proci and ADKAR. Proci Inc. Australia.

Price, J.P. (1991). Effective communication,Preventing School Failure, 35(4), 25-29.

Russel,S. 2008. Ideas and Activities for Teaching English leaeners with The Siop Model. Boston: Alyyn Mifflin Company.

Schmitz. 2012. Introduction to Communication Studies. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press.

Schmidt, A, P. Stone, T,K, M. 2000. Detection of Topic Change in IRC Chat Logs. Boulder, University of Colorado.

Schneider, Klaus P. 1988. Small talk. Analysing phatic discourse. Marburg: Hitzeroth.

Schneider, B. Bowen, D. E. Modeling the Human Side of Service Delivery. Caminito Floreo, University of Marylan. 1(3),154-168

Selting,M.1989.Speech Style in Conversation as an interactive achievement. Instutional Repository. Postdam University.

Stenstrom,A,B.Aijmer,K.1988.Discourse Patterns in Spoken and Written Corpora. Bergen: Bergen University Press.

Sumbayak,D,M.2008.Conversation Analysis on an Indonesian Telephone Call. Riau: Universitas Riau.

Tay, M. W. J.1993. The English language in Singapore: Issues and development. Singapore: UniPress.

Thao, N. T. P. 2005. A case study of the use of ESL communication strategies by Vietnamese refugees and immigrants in the Manchester context. Salford, University of Salford.

Wardhough, R.2006. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Australia.

Williams,C.2007. Research Mthods “Journal of Bussiness and Economi Research. 5(3). Grand Canyon Univrsity.

Yin,C,L.2007. A Study on Topic Change in Conversations of Hongkong Tentiary Students. Hongkong, Hongkong University Press.

Zikmud,W,G.2003. Research Methodology. Health Economi Research Methode. Retrifed From: http://pioneer.netserv.chula.ac.th/~ppongsa/2900600/LMRM02.pdf.

Rini, J. E. 2014. English in Indonesia: Its Position Among Other Languages in Indonesia. Widya Mandala Catholic University Surabaya




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33369/joall.v4i1.6584

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


JOALL is indexed on:

     

hit counter View MyStat

Creative Commons License
JOALL (Journal of Applied Linguistics and Literature. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.