Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran Model Inkuiri Terstruktur untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Komunikasi dan Kreativitas Peserta Didik Kelas V Sekolah Dasar

Randy Bambang Nugraha(1), Wahono Widodo(2), Nadi Suprapto(3),
(1) Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia
(2) Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia
(3) Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia

Abstract


[The Development of Structured Inquiry Model Learning Set to Improve the Communication Skills and Creativity of Grade V Elementary School Students]. The latest science learning must contain student-centered activities so they are able to practice communication skills and creativity. This study aims to produce valid, practical, and effective structured inquiry learning sets to improve students communication skills and creativity. This research is an R&D model development research with one group pretest-posttest design and one shot case study design and tested on 20 students of class V SDN Geluran 1. Data obtained through validation, observation, questionnaires, and creativity tests. Validation was carried out by three experts and the reliability was analyzed using Alpha Cronbach. Observations were carried out by two observers. Questionnaries filled out by each student. The results of the creativity test were analyzed using the mean and N-Gain. The results showed that the learning set was very valid with a mean score is 91,97. The observation score shows an increase in each aspect in each meeting. Students responses ranged from 92% to 100%. The average pretest result is 57 with 6 completed. The average posttest result is 85 with 20 completed. The N-Gain score shows 6 students in the high category and 14 students in the medium category. It can be concluded that the students communication skills and creativity can be improved by using structured inquiry learning model.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amri, S., dan Ahmadi, I.K. (2010). Proses Pembelajaran Kreatif dan Inovatif dalam Kelas. Jakarta : PT. Prestasi Pustakakarya.

Anam, Khoirul. (2015). Pembelajaran Berbasis Inkuiri : Metode dan Aplikasi. Yogyakarta : Pustaka Belajar.

Arikunto, Suharsimi. (2013). Prosedur Penelitian : Suatu Pendekatan Praktik. Jakarta : Rineka Cipta.

Astuti, Y., dan Setiawan, B. (2013). Pengembangan Lembar Kerja Siswa Berbasis Pendekatan Inkuiri Terbimbing dalam Pembelajran Kooperatif pada Materi Kalor. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia. Vol. 2(1) : 88-92.

Banchi, Heather., & Bell, Randy. (2008). The Many Levels of Inquiry. Science and Children. 46 (2) : 26-29.

Carin, A.A. & Sund, R.B. (1989). Teaching Science Through Discovery. 6th edition. Ohio: Merill Publishing Company.

Cherry, Colin. (1966). On Human Communication : A Review, A Survey, and A Critics. Cambridge : Mass.

Effendy, Onong Uchjana. (2003). Ilmu Teori dan Filsafat Komunikasi. Bandung : PT Citra Aditya Bakti.

Hake, R.R. (1999). Analyzing Change Gain Scores. AREA-D American Education Research Association’s Devision, Measurement and Research Methodology.

Hanafiah, Nanang. (2009). Konsep Strategi Pembelajaran. Bandung : Refika Aditama.

Kurniawan, A.D. (2013). Metode Inkuiri Terbimbing dalam Pembuatan Media Pembelajaran Biologi untuk Meningkatkan Pemahaman Konsep dan Kreativitas Siswa SMP. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia. Vol. 2 (1) : 8-11.

Margunayasa, I Gede., Dantes, Nyoman., Marhaeni, A.A.I.N., Suastra, I Wayan. (2019). The Effect of Guided Inquiry Learning and Cognitive Style on Science Learning Achievement. International Journal of Instruction. Vol. 12 (1) : 737-750.

Munandar, Utami. (2009) Pengembangan Kreativitas Anak Berbakat. Jakarta : Rineka Cipta.

National Research Council. (1996). National Science Education Standarts. USA : The National Academy of Sciences.

Nieveen. (2007). Formative Evaluation in Educational Design Research. London : Kluwer Academic Publisher.

Ormanci, Ummuhan., dan Cepni, Salih. (2020). Investigating the Effects of Web-Based Science Material for Guided Inquiry Approach on Information and Communication Skills of Students. Participatory Educational Research. Vol. 7(1) : 201-219.

Ratumanan, Tanwey Gerson dan Theresia Laurens. (2006). Evaluasi Hasil Belajar yang Relevan dengan Kurikulum Berbasis Kompetensi. Surabaya : Unesa University Press.

Riduwan. (2013). Skala Pengukuran Variabel-variabel Penelitian. Bandung : Alfabeta.

Samatowa, Usman. (2016). Pembelajaran IPA di Sekolah Dasar. Jakarta : PT Indeks.

Sandika, Bayu., dan Fitrihidajati, Herlina. (2018). Improving Creative Thinking Skills and Scientific Attitude through Inquiry-Based Learning in Basic Biology Lecture toward Students of Biology Education. Indonesian Journal of Biology Education. Vol. 4 No. 1 : 23-28.

Sugiyono. (2016). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan (Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D). Bandung : Alfabeta.

Thiagarajan, Sivasailam et al. (1974). Instructional Development for Training Teachers of Exception Children. Bloomington : Indiana University.

Trianto. (2007). Mengembangkan Model Pembelajaran Tematik. Jakarta :

Trnova, Eva. (2014). IBSE and Creativity Development. Science Education International. Vol. 25 (1) : 8-18.

Wildan. (2019). A Stepwise Inquiry Approach to Improving Communication Skills and Scientific Attitudes on a Biochemistry Course. International Journal of Instruction. Vol. 12 (4) : 407-422.

Yang, Kuay-Keng., Lin, Shu-Fen., Hong, Zuway-R., Lin, Huann-shyang. (2016). Exploring the Assessment of and Relationship Between Elementary Students’ Scientific Creativity and Science Inquiry. Creativity Research Journal. Vol. 28(1) : 16-23.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33369/pendipa.6.1.162-168

Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 0 times
 PDF Downloaded : 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Randy Bambang Nugraha

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

PENDIPA Journal of Science Education is indexed by :

 

PENDIPA Journal of Science Education
Graduate School of Science Education, University of Bengkulu

Jl. WR Supratman, Bengkulu 38371, Indonesia
https://ejournal.unib.ac.id/index.php/pendipa
Email: lutfi@unib.ac.id

View My Stats