Main Article Content


Verb is one of the most important word classes in linguistic construction due to its prominent role and dynamic nature. Interestingly, the use of verbs in different linguistic contexts might be various because the context can limit or allow certain verbs to occur more frequently than other verbs. It is compelling to study further the use of verbs in a particular linguistic context. This paper thus aims at examining the use of verbs in news section in The Jakarta Post to figure out the frequency of verbs and how it relates to the characteristics of news text. This study compiled The Jakarta Post corpus comprising news articles belong to the category of hard news from October to December 2018 with total size of 21.682 words. The verb types used in this study refer to those compiled by Scheibmann (combining Halliday’s verb taxonomy and Dixon’s verb types). Based on the analysis, it is obvious that verbal type is the most frequent verb type, followed by material and existential. As for the least frequent ones, there are corporeal and perception/relational types. It is plausible that verbal type occupies the most frequent position because the nature of news text is to deliver information and thus it needs to use verbal verbs quite often. Likewise, material verb is frequent because it states concrete action and existential verb denotes existence; both are vital in constructing news text. Meanwhile, corporeal and perception/relational types are least frequent because corporeal deals with bodily gestures actions and perception/relational shows subjectivity. Both verb types are rather insignificant concepts in news writing. Based on the results of analysis, it is obvious that there is a firm relation between frequency of verbs used in news text and the characteristics of the text: linguistic units that are not in accordance with the function of the text are not really needed and thus infrequently used.


corpus news frequency text characteristics

Article Details

How to Cite
Oktavianti, I. N., & Ardianti, N. R. (2019). A CORPUS-BASED ANALYSIS OF VERBS IN NEWS SECTION OF THE JAKARTA POST: HOW FREQUENCY IS RELATED TO TEXT CHARACTERISTICS. JOALL (Journal of Applied Linguistics and Literature), 4(2), 203–214.


  1. Baker, P. (2010). Sociolinguistics and Corpus Linguistics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
  2. Bednarek, M., & Caple, H. (2012). News Discourse. London: Continuum.
  3. Bell, A. (1991). Language of News Media. Oxford: Blackwell.
  4. Biber, D., & Conrad, S. (2009). Register, Genre, and Style. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  5. Biber, D., & Gray, B. (2016). Grammatical complexity in academic English: Linguistic change in writing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  6. Biber, D., & Quirk, R. (Eds.). (2012). Longman grammar of spoken and written English (10. impression). Harlow: Longman.
  7. Brezina, V., Timperley, M., & McEnery, T. (2018). Lancsbox (Version 4.x.). Retrieved from
  8. Bybee, J. L., & Hopper, P. J. (Eds.). (2001). Frequency and the emergence of linguistic structure. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
  9. Chafe, W. L. (1970). Meaning and the Structure of Language. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  10. Clackson, J. (2007). Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  11. Comrie, B. (2000). Tense. Cambridge [Cambridgeshire] ; New York: Cambridge University Press.
  12. Conboy, M. (2010). The language of newspapers: Socio-historical perspectives. London: Continuum.
  13. Conrad, S., & Biber, D. (Eds.). (2001). Variation in English: Multi-dimensional studies. Harlow, England ; New York: Longman.
  14. Davies, M. (2004). BYU-BNC. (Based on the British National Corpus from Oxford University Press. Retrieved from
  15. Davies, M. (2008). The Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA): 560 million words, 1990-present. Retrieved from
  16. Deng, F., & Li, X. (2017). A Computer Corpus-based Study of FOREIGN in English Newspapers and its Pedagogical Implications. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 13(10), 6799–6806.
  17. Denyer, L. F. (2003). Corpus study carried out on three “legal” verbs to demonstrate their similar and different usage for the purposes of legal translators and lawyer-linguists. 20.
  18. Dixon, R. M. W. (2005). A Semantic Approach to English Grammar. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  19. Halliday, M. A. K. (1990). Spoken and Written Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  20. Halliday, M. A. K., & Matthiessen, C. M. I. M. (2004). An introduction to functional grammar (3rd ed). London : New York: Arnold ; Distributed in the United States of America by Oxford University Press.
  21. Leech, G. N., & Short, M. (2007). Style in fiction: A linguistic introduction to English fictional prose (2nd ed). New York: Pearson Longman.
  22. Leitner, G. (1986). Reporting the “events of the day”: Uses and functions of reported speech. Studia Anglica Posnaniensia, 8, 189–204.
  23. Moon, R. (2016). A Corpus-Linguistic Analysis of News Coverage in Kenya’s Daily Nation and The Times of London. 21.
  24. Nordlund, M. (2008). From Physical to Mental Acquisition: A Corpus-Based Study of Verbs. Sweden: Lulea University of Technology.
  25. Oktavianti, I. N. (2016). Quasi-modals in British and American English. Lingua Scientia, 8(2), 257–272.
  26. Oktavianti, I. N. (2019). Verba Bantu Modal Bahasa Inggris: Karakteristik, Pemakaian, dan Perubahan. Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta.
  27. Oxford Dictionary of English (Version 2014). Retrieved from
  28. Stake, R. E. (2010). Qualitative research: Studying how things work. New York: Guilford Press.
  29. Thomas, L., Wareing, S., Singh, I., Peccei, J. S., Thornborrow, J., & Jones, J. (2004). Language, Society and Power: An Introduction, Second Edition. London: Routledge.
  30. Wang, H. (2015). A Corpus-based Contrastive Study of Online News Reports on Economic Crisis ? A Critical Discourse Analysis Perspective. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 6(3), 627.
  31. Yilmaz, M., & Ertürk, Z. Ö. (2017). A Contrastive Corpus-based Analysis of the Use of Reporting Verbs by Native and Non-native ELT Researchers. Novitas-ROYAL (Research on Youth and Language), 11(2), 112–127.
  32. Zarifi, V., & Mukundan, J. (2013). Phrasal Verb Combinations in Corpus-Based Studies: A Critical Review. International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature, 2(4), 212–217.