USE OF SAND AS A COMPONENT OF MULTI SOIL LAYERING (MSL) SYSTEM TO MINIMIZE LIQUID WASTE CONTAMINANT OF CRUDE PALM OIL (CPO)

Citra Pratiwi Sidebang(1), Syafnil Syafnil(2),
(1) Dept. of Agric. Technology, Fac. of Agriculture, Univ. of Bengkulu, Indonesia
(2) Dept. of Agric. Technology, Fac. of Agriculture, Univ. of Bengkulu, Indonesia

Abstract


Purpose of this research was to determine a capability of MSL-sand in reducing contaminants out of the liquid waste of CPO; to determine optimal rate of flow and; to determine the efficiency of MSL-sand in reducing oil-fat, BOD, COD and pH of liquid waste of CPO.  The research was done by flowing liquid waste through an MSL-sand with a rate of flow were0.3 L/hour, 0.6 L/hour, 0.9 L/hour, and 1.2 L/hour; each of treatment was repeated three times. Result of the research showed that with rate of flow of 0.3 L/hour, 0.6 L/hour, 0.9 L/hour, and 1.2 L/hour, the MSL-sand was capable of reducing oil-fat from 471.6 mg/L to 21.30 mg/L, 33.40 mg/L, 43.47 mg/L, and 55.30 mg/L respectively;BOD from 412 mg/Lto 6.73 mg/L,19.27 mg/L,33.10 mg/L, and46.93 mg/L respectively;COD from 1237 mg/L to  31.33 mg/L, 61.67 mg/L, 98.33 mg/L, and135.00 mg/L respectively;and pH from 9.00to 6.72,6.88,7.21 and7.36 respectively.  The optimal rate of flow to reduce liquid waste contaminant was 0.3 L/jam (class III) and 0.4 L/jam (class IV). Efficiency of the MSL-sand with the rate of flow of 0.3 L/jam,0.6 L/jam,0.9 L/jam, dan 1.2 L/jam in reducing oil-fat was 95.48 %, 92.92 %, 90.78 %, and88.27 % out of 471.6 mg/L; COD was  97.47 %, 95.01 %,92.05 %, and89.06 % out of 1237 mg/L; and BOD was98.37 %, 95.32 %, 91.97 %, and88.61 %out of 412 mg/L. Reduce of contaminant out of the liquid waste of CPO proved that MSL-sand was capable of reducing oil-fat, COD and BOD and also neutralize the pH.


Keywords


MSL, CPO, BOD, COD, pH, rate of flow

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31186/j.agroindustri.7.2.116-124

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