PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF FRUIT, BEANS, AND POWDER OF COFFEE HARVESTED FROM SINDANG JATI VILLAGE, REJANG LEBONG DISTRICT

Oriza Sativa(1), Yuwana Yuwana(2), Bonodikun Bonodikun(3),
(1) Dept. of Agric. Technology, Fac. of Agriculture, Univ. of Bengkulu, Indonesia
(2) Dept. of Agric. Technology, Fac. of Agriculture, Univ. of Bengkulu, Indonesia
(3) Dept. of Agric. Technology, Fac. of Agriculture, Univ. of Bengkulu, Indonesia

Abstract


Most of farmers especially in Rejang Lebong, Bengkulu, cultivaterobusta coffee.Through the preliminary observations there have been obtained bad post harvest handling, as the fruit cherries mixed green, yellow, and red; that reduced quality of coffee beans from smallholder plantations. To improve yields and product, good attention to farmers harvest, harvesting the coffee berries have a decent harvest to be able to compare the different characteristics of the coffee fruit.This research using Chi-square analysis to calculate significant difference or not in the process harvesting different ways, and using ANOVA analysis and LSD (Least Significant Difference) to calculate the real difference or not significantly different in mass density, spersitas fruit fresh coffee and coffee beans. Based on the Chi-square analysis obtained differences in the percentages of different crops on fresh fruits (red, yellow, green) with a different way of harvest. Based on the analysis of ANOVA and LSD test obtained density difference, spersitas there are distinct differences between coffee red, yellow and green


Keywords


Physical properties, coffee fruit, coffee bean, coffee powder, robusta coffee

Full Text:

PDF

References


AAK. 2002. Budidaya Tanaman Kopi. Kanisisus, Yogyakarta

Anonimous. 2010. Produksi Kopi Robusta Bengkulu. http.//www. Medan Bisnis Daily. Com. November 2010

Anonimous. 2012a. Indonesia Peringkat Tiga Produsen Kopi di Dunia. tribunnewsmobile.m.tribunnews.com/2012/08/29/ Indonesia-peringkat-tiga-produsen-kopi-di-dunia. November 2012

Bambang. A.P.M. 2007. Populasi Dan Sampel.Pustaka Ramadhan. Bandung

Ciptadi, W. dan W.M.Z. Nasution. 1985. Pengolahan Kopi. Bogor. Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian. Institut Pertanian Bogor

Dian. 2012. Vivalife.http://us.m.life.viva. co.id/news/read/352869-titik-rahasia-kualitas-kopi. November 2012

Ernawati, R.R., R.W. Arief dan Slameto. 2008. Teknologi Budidaya Kopi Poliklonal. Balai Besar Pengkajian Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian Badan Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Pertanian. Bogor

Hardjosuwito. B. dan Hermansyah. 1985. Biji Kopi Asal Buah Hijau Dinilai Dengan Sistem Nilai Cacat. Balai Penelitian Perkebunan, Bogor

Moreno, G., E. Moreno dan G. Candena. 1995. Bean Characteristics And Quality Of The Colombia Variety (Coffee Arabica) As Jugde By Internasional Tasting Panels. Brazilian Journal Of Plan Physiology Genetics Of Coffee Quality. Brazil

Novita, E. 2012. Desain Proses Pengolahan Pada Agroindustri Kopi Robusta Menggunakan Modifikasi Teknologin olah Basah Berbasis Produksi Bersih. Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Alam Dan Lingkungan. Pascasarjana.Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor

Profil Data dan Potensi Desa Sindang Jati. 2011. Data Kependudukan Desa Kabupaten Rejang Lebong. Sindang kelingi. Bengkulu

Rahayu. W.P. 1998.Penuntun Praktikum Penilaian Organoleptik. Jurusan Teknologi Pangan Dan Gizi. Bogor

Rismunandar dan Paimin 2001. Kayu Manis Budidaya dan Pengolahan. Penebar Swadaya, Surabaya

Sivertz, M. dan H.F. Elliot. 1963.Coffee Processing Technologi. National Library of Australia Collection. Australia

Suroso. 2008. Bab II Sifat-Sifat Zat Cair. surososipil.files.wordpress.com/2008/08/bab-ii.pdf. Februari 2013

Widyotomo. 2005. Penentuan Karakteristik Pengeringan Kopi Robusta Lapis Tebal. Pusat Penelitian Kopi dan Kakao Indonesia, Jember

Nugroho, J.W.K.. J. Lumbanbatu dan S. Rahayu. 2009. Pengaruh Suhu Dan Lama Penyangraian Terhadap Sifat Fisik Mekanis Biji Kopi Robusta. Seminar Nasional Dan Gelar Teknologi Faperta. UGM

Yuhono, J.T. dan Djaenudin. 2009. Penerapan Sistim Nilai Cacat (defect system) Dan Citarasa Kopi Upaya Peningkatan Mutu Kopi di Propinsi Lampung.Pusat Penelitian Sosial Ekonomi Kehutanan. Bandar Lampung. (Tidak dipublikasikan)

Yuwana. 2009. Petunjuk Praktikum Sifat Fisik Produk Pertanian. Penuntun Praktikum Fakultas Pertanian Jurusan Teknologi Industri Pertanian. Universitas Bengkulu. (Tidak dipublikasikan




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31186/j.agroind.4.2.65-77

Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 9 times
 PDF Downloaded : 948 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2014 Jurnal Agroindustri



Jurnal Agroindustri Indexed by :