“TEKO BERSAYAP” MODEL SOLAR DRYER FOR FISH DRYING

Yuwana Yuwana(1), Bosman Sidebang(2), Evanila Silvia(3),
(1) Agricultural Technology Department, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bengkulu, Indonesia
(2) Agricultural Technology Department, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bengkulu, Indonesia
(3) Agricultural Technology Department, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bengkulu, Indonesia

Abstract


This objective of this research was to design a dryer called “Teko Bersayap” model and then to test its performance in drying fish in order to solve problems arising from open air sun drying. The dryer consisted of drying chamber with trays inside, heat collectors equipped with air inlets at their lower ends, chimney with an exhaust fan inside and humid air outlet at its upper end, was constructed to dry fish, “Bleberan (Pepetak Leiognatus spp)” species. The results of the experiment indicated that the dryer produced the drying chamber temperature 8.83oC higher than the ambient temperature and the relative humidity 13.91% lower than the ambient relative humidity. The fish moisture content decreased exponentially with drying time and the dryer completed the fish drying process in 18.9 hours compared to 27.6 hours of drying time needed to complete the sun drying for the fish, suggesting that the dryer was ready for utilization


Keywords


“Teko bersayap” model solar dryer, drying performance, fish

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anonym. 2009. Standar Nasional Indonesia: Ikan asap. Badan Standarisasi Nasional Indonesia. Jakarta. Indonesia

Brooker, D.B., W.B.A. Fred, & C.W Hall. 1974. Drying Cereal Grains. The Avi Publsh. Co. Inc. Connecticut.

Dasin, D.Y., N.Y. Godi and O.C. Kingsley. 2015. Experimental Investigations of the Performance of Passive Solar Food Dryer Tested in Yola Nigeria. Int. J. Energy. Engng. 5(1): 9 - 15.

Haque, E., Y.W. Ahmed & C.W. De Yoe. 1982. Static Pressure Drop in a Fixed Bad of Grain as Affected by Grain Moisture Content. Transac- tions of the ASAE 25(4): 1095 - 1097.

Henderson, S.M., L.R. Perry and J.H. Young. 1997. Principles of Pro- cess Engineering. 4th edition, ASAE St. Joseph, MI. USA.

Lawand, T.A. 1980. Agricultural and other Low Temperature Applications of Solar Energy. In : Solar Energy Handbook by Kreider, J.F. & Keith, F. McGraw Hill, New York.

McLean, K.A. 1980. Drying and Storing Combinable Crops. Farming Press Ltd. Suffolk.

Olokor, J.O. and F.M. Omojowo. 2009. Adaptation and Improvement of a Simple Solar Tent Dryer to Enchance Fish Drying. Nature and Science 7 (10) : 18 - 24.

Patterson, R.J., Arkema, B. & Bichert, W.G. 1971. Static Pressure Air Flow Relationships in packed Beds of Granolar Biological Ma- terials Such as grain II. Tran- sactions of the ASAE 14 (1) : 172 -174

Sablani1, S.S., M.S. Rahman, I. Haffar, O. Mahgoub, A.S. Al-Marzouki. M.H. Al-Ruzeiqi, N.H. Al-Habsi1 and R.H. Al-Belushi. 2003. Drying Rates and Quality Para- meters of Fish Sardines Processed Using Solar Dryers. Agricultura and Marine Sciences 8(2): 79-86.

Shoda, M.S., N.K. Bansl, A. Kumar, P.K. Bansal and M.A.S. Malik. 1987. Solar Crop Drying. CRC Press.

Swati, M.N. and P.M. Chauhan. 2015. Development of Greenhouse Solar Tunnel Dryer for Industrial Fish Drying of Selected Species from the Western Coastal Region of India. Res. J. Engng. Science 4(10): 1 - 9.

Szulmayer, W. 1973. Thermodynamics of sun drying. Paper No. V24, in Sun in the Service of Mankind. UNESCO Conf. Paris.

Yuwana. 1999. The Use of Green House Solar Dryer for Fish Drying. University of Bengkulu Research Report (in Indonesian)

Yuwana. 2002. Solar dryer for Fish. National Seminar entitled ”Poten- tial of Agriculture in Increasing Indigenouse Regional Income” (in Indonesian), Medan 11-12 Jun

Yuwana and S. Mujiharjo. 2004. Design of Solar Dryer for Banana and Rice Cracker Drying. University of Bengkulu Reseach Report (in Indonesian)

Yuwana and S. Mujiharjo. 2005. Drying of Banana Slices Emplying Solar Dryer. University of Bengkulu Research Report (in Indonesia).

Yuwana. 2006. Solar Drying for Fish Crispy. University of Bengkulu Research Report (in Indonesia).

Yuwana, L. Hidayat, and Taupandri. 2008. Solar Drying for Mustard Greens. University of Bengkulu Research Report (in Indonesia).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31186/j.agroind.6.2.51-56

Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 11 times
 PDF Downloaded : 8 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Agroindustri



Jurnal Agroindustri Indexed by :