Main Article Content


Long pepper (Piper retrofractum Vahl.) It is one of the potential medicinal plants in Indonesia. However, information related to the cultivation of this plant is still minimal. Therefore, research needs regarding the determination of suitable planting media for the growth of herbal chilies. This experiment used a complete randomized group design (RKLT) with one treatment factor for the composition of the growing media, namely soil, soil + sand (3: 1, v / v), soil + rice husk charcoal (3: 1, v/v), and soil + manure (3: 1, v / v). Each treatment repeats six times, and each consisted of 10 plants. Data analysis using a variance. The plant material used was in soil tendrils and polybags measuring 30 cm x 30 cm as a container. NPK + Mg inorganic fertilizer with an equivalent dose of 12: 12: 17: 2. The results of the experiment showed that the composition of the different growing media affected all observed variables. The use of soil planting medium + cow manure showed the best growth results of chili herbs for plant height, the number of leaves, root length, root and canopy wet weight, and root and canopy dry weight.

Article Details

Author Biography

Wuri Prameswari, The University of Bengkulu
How to Cite
Prameswari, W., Herman, W., & Salamah, U. (2021). Growth of Long pepper (Piper rectofractum Vahl.) with Different Growing Media Composition. PENDIPA Journal of Science Education, 5(3), 345–350.


  1. Badan Pengawasan Obat dan Makanan (BPOM). (2010) Acuan Sediaan Herbal. Vol. 5. Jakarta. 132 pp
  2. Chaveerach, A., P., Mokkamul, R., Sudmoon, and Tanee, T. (2006) Ethnobotany of the genus Piper (Piperaceae) in Thailand, Ethnobotany Re¬search & Applications, 4, 223-231.
  3. Evizal, R. (2013) Tanaman Rempah dan Fitofarmaka. Fakultas Pertanian Unila, Bandar Lampung.
  4. Jamal, Y., Irawati, P., Fathoni, A., Agusta, A. (2013) Chemical constituents and antibacterial effect of essential oil of javaness pepper leaves (Piper retrofractum Vahl.), Media Litbangkes, 23(2), 65-72.
  5. Kartasapoetra, G. (2004) Budidaya Tanaman Berkhasiat Obat. PT. Rineka Cipta, Jakarta. Page 50-51
  6. Kim, K.J., Lee, M.S., Jo, K., Hwang, J..K. (2011) Piperi¬dine alkaloids from Piper retrofractum Vahl. protect against high-fat diet-induced obesity by regulating lipid metabolism and activating AMP-activated protein kinase, Biochem. Bio-phys. Res. Commun., 411(1), 219-225.
  7. Mathers, H.M., Lowe, S.B., Scagel, C., Struve, D.K., Case, L.T. (2007) Abiotic factors influencing root growth of woody nursery plants in containers, Reviews, Hort.Technology, 17, 151-162.
  8. Mathew, S.P., Mohandas, S., Nair, G.M. (2004) Piper sarmentosum Roxb. - An addition to the flora of Andaman Islands, Current Science, 87, 141-142.
  9. Melati, M., and Soleh, I. (2012) Pertumbuhan cabe jawa (Piper retrofractum Vahl.) perdu dengan berbagai teknik pemupukan, Jurnal Agrivigor, 11(2), 195-201.
  10. Nurkhasanah, N., Wicaksono, K.P., Widaryanto, E. (2013) Studi pemberian air dan tingkat naungan terhadap pertumbuhan bibit tanaman cabe jamu (Piper retrofractum Vah.)., Jurnal Produksi Tanaman, 1(4), 34-41.
  11. Ruhnayat, A., Muljati, R.S., and Haryudin, W. (2011) Respon tanaman cabe jawa produktif terhadap pemupukan di Sumenep Madura, Bul. Littro., 22(2), 136-146.
  12. Santosa, E. (1993) Pengaruh pupuk buatan NPK Mg dan pupuk kandang terhadap pertumbuhan bibit cabe Jawa (Piper retrofractum Vahl.), Skripsi, Jurusan Budidaya Pertanian, Institut Pertanian, Bogor, Bogor: Jawa Barat.
  13. Subramaniam, V., Adenan, M.I., Ahmad, A.R., Sahdan, R. (2003) Natural antioxidants: Piper sarmentosum (kadok) and Morinda elliptica (mengkudu), Mal J Nutr, 9, 41-51.
  14. Sulkani. (2013) Budidaya Cabe Jamu. Diambil dari
  15. berita-207-budidaya-cabe-jamu.html.
  16. Vasavirama, K.and Upender, M. (2014) Piperine: A Valuable Alkaloid from Piper Species, International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 6(4), 34-38.
  17. Vinay, S., Renuka, K., Palak, V., Harisha, C.R., and Prajapati (2012) Pharmacognostical and phyto¬chemical study of Piper Longum L. and Piper retrofractum Vahl., Journal of Pharmaceutical and Scientific Innovation, 1(1), 62-66.
  18. Zahreddine, H.G., Struve, D.K., Quigley, M. (2004) Growing Pinus nigra seedlings in Spinout-treated containers reduces root malformation and increases regrowh potential, J. Environ. Hort., 22, 176-182.