MAKING LIQUID SMOKE BASED ON NIPAH (Nypa fruticans) FRUIT SKIN BASED ON CYCLONE REDESTILLATION TECHNOLOGY

Mardiyana mardiyana(1), Dodi Satriawan(2), Dian Prabowo(3),
(1) , 
(2) , 
(3) , 

Abstract


The large amount of waste Nipah skin (Nypa fruticans) that a large enough potential to be used as raw material for liquid smoke. One of the technologies that can be used to produce liquid smoke is a series of cyclone redestillation. This study aims to test a series of cyclone redestillator in the process of making grade A liquid smoke made from the skin of Nipah fruit. This research was conducted using the descriptive method as a preliminary study in the process of making liquid smoke using cyclone redestillation tools. The skin of Nipah fruit that has been dried for 2 days under the sun. Nipah skin burned in a burning tube for 8 hours with a temperature of ±400 oC, the first and second of destillation processes are at 130 oC for 8 hours. The characteritation of liquid smoke that yield of liquid smoke is 14,7%; pH 2,7; phenolic compound is 855,8 ppm. Process of making liquid smoke using a series of cyclone redestillator, that shows this tool can function properly for the process of making liquid smoke which can be applied as a food preservative.


Keywords


liquid smoke; skin fruit waste processing



DOI: https://doi.org/10.31186/j.agroindustri.11.1.1-10

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