Fermentasi: Metode untuk Meningkatkan Nilai Nutrisi Jerami Padi

Yanuartono Yanuartono(1), S. Indarjulianto(2), H. Purnamaningsih(3), A. Nururrozi(4), S. Raharjo(5),
(1) Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
(2) Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
(3) Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
(4) Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
(5) Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia

Abstract


Sebagian besar ransum ternak ruminansia di Asia Tenggara berasal dari limbah tanaman bijian. Jerami padi adalah limbah utama yang biasanya disimpan dan digunakan oleh peternak sebagai pakan ternak ruminansia di daerah tropis saat musim kemarau panjang dimana hijauan segar sulit diperoleh. Namun demikian, pemberian pakan jerami padi tidak memberikan nutrisi yang cukup untuk ruminansia bahkan untuk hidup pokok karena nilai gizi yang rendah. Nilai gizi jerami padi dibatasi oleh rendahnya tingkat asupan dan lambatnya kecernaan serta rendahnya kandungan energi, protein, mineral dan vitamin. Berbagai macam metode perlakuan telah digunakan untuk meningkatkan nilai gizi jerami padi termasuk fisik, biologis dan kimiawi. Salah satu diantaranya adalah teknologi fermentasi yang dapat meningkatkan nutrisi jerami padi. Ulasan ini bertujuan untuk memaparkan aspek praktis dari proses fermentasi berdasarkan hasil hasil penelitian  terdahulu  tentang jerami padi untuk meningkatkan nilai gizinya.

Kata kunci: ternak, jerami padi, ruminansia, nilai nutrisi, fermentasi


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31186/jspi.id.14.1.49-60

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