Survey Pemanfaatan Medicinal Herbs untuk Peningkatan Produktivitas dan Kesehatan Ternak Ruminansia di Bengkulu

T. Suteky(1), Dwatmadji Dwatmadji(2), E. Soetrisno(3),
(1) Jurusan Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Bengkulu, Indonesia
(2) Jurusan Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Bengkulu, Indonesia
(3) Jurusan Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Bengkulu, Indonesia

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendokumentasikan tanaman obat lokal yang dipergunakan untuk peningkatan produktivitas dan kesehatan ternak ruminansia di Bengkulu. Data diperoleh melalui wawancara terhadap 75 petani di Bengkulu, semi stuktur quisioner dipergunakan sebagai pedoman untuk bertanya seperti nama tanaman yang dipergunakan, bagian yang dimanfaatkan, cara penggunaannya, dan termasuk bahan lain yang ditambahkan. Setiap tumbuhan yang disebut oleh responden dicatat nama lokal untuk identifikasi nama ilmiahnya. Pada penelitian ini studi literatur dipergunakan untuk mengetahui nama ilmiah/latin dan untuk mengetahui kandungan fitokimianya. Data dianalisis secara deskripstif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tercatat ada 33 medicinal herbs yang dipakai oleh petani peternak, tanaman tersebut masuk dalam 16 genus dan 14 famili. Medicinal herbs dari famili Zingiberaceae yang terdiri dari 7 species merupakan tanaman yang paling banyak dimanfaatkan, sedangkan 13 famili yang lain diwakili 1 species setiap familinya. Curcuma longa Linn dan Curcuma domestica merupakan medicinal herbs yang paling banyak dipergunakan untuk meningkatkan nafsu makan, mencegah penyakit, bloat, infestasi parasit internal, dan luka. Pemberian tanaman obat secara per oral merupakan metode yang paling banyak dipergunakan diikuti dengan cara topikal. Nama ilmiah dan komponen fitokimia dipelajari berdasarkan studi literatur. Medicinal herbs yang dipergunakan oleh petani peternak kebanyakan merupakan kitchen herbs dengan demikian tanaman ini relatif aman untuk ternak ruminansia.


Keywords


herbal; produksi; kesehatan; ruminansia

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31186/jspi.id.15.1.18-28

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