Gestation Length and Litter Size of New Zealand White Grade Rabbit

A. Setiaji(1), D. A. Lestari(2), S. Sutopo(3), Y. S. Ondho(4), E. Kurnianto(5),
(1) Fakultas Peternakan dan Pertanian Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
(2) Fakultas Peternakan dan Pertanian Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
(3) Fakultas Peternakan dan Pertanian Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
(4) Fakultas Peternakan dan Pertanian Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
(5) Fakultas Peternakan dan Pertanian Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia


The purpose of this study was to examine performances and factors that influence the gestation length (GL) and litter size (LS) of New Zealand White Grade (NZW Grade) rabbits. Reproduction records of NZW Grade rabbits were taken from April 2020 to March 2021. Data analysis was carried out using the general linear model (GLM) procedure from Statistical Analysis System (SAS) University Edition V.6p.2. software. Farm showed a significant effect (P<0.001) on LS and significant season (P<0.05) on GL and LS. GL in the rainy season (31.56) was shorter than the GL in the summer (32.26), but the LS in the rainy season (7.06) was greater than the LS in the rainy season (6.37). Maintenance management should be improved to reduce the impact of the season on GL and LS NZW Grade rabbits.


General linear model; gestation length; litter size; New Zealand White grade rabbit; reproduction record

Full Text:



Ayyat, M.S., Marai, I.F.M. and Gh.A. El-Sayiad. 1995. Genetic and non-genetic factors affecting milk production and preweaning litter traits of New Zealand White does under egyptian conditions. world rabbit science 3:119-124. DOI:

Brahmantiyo, B., Raharjo Y.C. dan L.H. Prasetyo. 2017. Performa produksi kelinci HyCole, New Zealand White dan persilangan timbal baliknya. Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner. 22(1):16-23. DOI:10.14334/jitv.v22i1.1590

Boyd, I.L. and C.J. Bray. 1989. Nutritional ecology of the wild rabbit an input to timing of reproduction. Proceeding of Nutrition Society. 48:81–91. DOI: 10.1079/pns19890012

Ehiobu, N.G., Utim A. and S.D. Gwaza. 1997. Some observations on reproductive performance of rabbits obtained in semi-humid tropicalconditions in Nigeria. World Rabbit Science.5:47-49. DOI:

Eiben, Cs., Kustos, K., Kenessey, Á., Virág Gy. and Zs. Szendr?. 2001. Effect of different feed restriction during rearing on production performance in rabbit does. World Rabbit Science. 9:9- 14. DOI:10.4995/wrs.2001.440

Fadare, A.O. and T.J. Fatoba. 2018. Reproductive performance of four breeds of rabbit in the humid tropics. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume. 30: article 114.

Farghaly, H.M. 1996. Analysis of incidence of pre and post mature gestations in rabbit populations. Proceeding 6th World Rabbit Congress 9-12 July 1996. Toulouse, France. p 273-277.

Fayeye , T.R. and K.L. Ayorinde. 2010. Effects of season, generation, number of mating, parity and doe number of teat on doe and litter birth characteristics in domestic rabbit. Research Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 5: 6-9.

Ferraz, J.B.S., Johnson R.K. and J.P. Eler. 1991. Effect of inbreeding on reproduction traits of Californian and New Zealand White rabbits. Journal of applied Rabbit Research. 15:211-217.

Ghosh S.K., Das A., Bujarbaruah K.M., Das Asit., Dhiman K.R. and N.P. Singh. 2008. Effect of breed and season on rabbit production under subtropical climate. World Rabbit Science.16:29-33. DOI:

Lebas, F., P. Coudert, R. Rouvier and H.D. Rochambeau. 1986. The rabbit husbandry, health and production. Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nation, Rome. Italy.

Lebas, F., P. Coudert, H. De Rochambeau, and T.G. Thebault. 1997. The Rabbit, Husbandry, Health and Production, New Revised Version. Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nation, Rome. health%20and%20protection_FAO.pdf

McNitt, J. I. and G.L. Moody. 1991. Gestation length of four medium breeds of rabbits in Louisiana. Journal of applied Rabbit Research. 14:80-82.

McNitt, J. I., Mellad K.E., Simon G., Negatu Z. and S.D. Lukefahr. 1997. Efficacy of prostlagandin F2a and its analogs in enhancing reproductive efficiency of doe rabbits. World Rabbit Science. 5:155-159. DOI:

McNitt, J. I., Lukefahr, S. D., Cheeke, P. R. and N.M. Patton. 2013. Rabbit production, 9th Ed. CABI, Wallingford. U.K.

Rebollar, P.G., Pérez-Cabal, M.A., Pereda, N., Lorenzo, P.L., Arias-Álvarez, P. and P. García-Rebollar. 2009. Effects of parity order and reproductive management on the efficiency of rabbit productive systems. Livestock Science, 121:227-233.

SAS. 2011. SAS/STAT User’s Guide (Release 9.3). SAS Inst. Inc., Cary NC, USA. Availableat Accessed January 2021.

T?ma, J., E. T?mová, E. and V. Valášek. 2010. The effect of season and parity order on fertility of rabbit does and kit growth. Czech Journal of Animal Science. 55:330-336.

Utami, P., Samsudewa, D. dan C.M.S. Lestari. 2019. Pengaruh perbedaan sistem perkawinan terhadap lama bunting dan litter size Kelinci New Zealand White.

Widitania, S. Ondho, Y.S. dan C.M.S. Lestari. 2016. Korelasi antara bobot badan induk dengan litter size, bobot lahir dan mortalitas anak kelinci New Zealand White. Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Peternakan. 26(2):42-48.


Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 0 times
 PDF Downloaded : 0 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Flag Counter

Editorial Office :

Gedung Laboratorium Jurusan Peternakan Lantai 2, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Bengkulu

Jalan W.R. Supratman, Kandang Limun, Bengkulu, 38371

Email :,